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Book/Printed Material The Kiev Missal.

About this Item


  • The Kiev Missal.


  • Dating from the second half of the tenth century, the Kiev Missal is generally held to be the oldest Old Church Slavic manuscript with a coherent text. The manuscript is a seven-folio text in Glagolitic script that contains parts of a Roman-rite missal (Sacramentarium), a book of texts used by a priest during mass. Written in three different hands, it includes a reading from the Epistle to the Romans by the Apostle Paul (Chapter XIII, verses 11-14 and Chapter XIV, verses 1-4), a prayer to the Blessed Virgin from the Annunciation service, and various prayers from the mass. The missal is one of the oldest monuments of the ancient Slavic written language, and is of enormous esthetic and linguistic value to world culture. The manuscript was given to the Kyiv School of Theology in 1872 by Archimandrite Antonin Kapustin, the chief of the Russian Orthodox mission agency in Jerusalem and a former student at the school. Kapustin reportedly found the sheets at the Saint Catherine's Monastery on Mt. Sinai. The cover of the manuscript contains the inscription of Father Antonin: "To the library of the Kyiv School of Theology. Jerusalem. 1872." Most of the text of the missal is written in black, denoting the texts meant to be pronounced. Passages written in red are instructions to priest regarding the conduct of the mass.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [800 to 1000]


  • -  Egypt--Janūb Sīnā'
  • -  800 to 999
  • -  Liturgies
  • -  Missals
  • -  Prayers


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 7 folia, 6 of them from a single quire. Ink..
  • -  Original resource at: V.I. Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine.
  • -  Content in Church Slavic.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • World History

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667731

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

The Kiev Missal. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 800 to, 0800] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(0800) The Kiev Missal. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 800 to] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

The Kiev Missal. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 800 to, 0800] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.