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Book/Printed Material Cruel Tyrant Love. Crudel tiranno Amor

About this Item


  • Cruel Tyrant Love.

Other Title

  • Crudel tiranno Amor


  • This previously unknown version of the solo cantata, Crudel tiranno Amor (Cruel tyrant Love) by George Friedrich Handel (1685--1759), resurfaced in a newly discovered, complete autograph score among the many posthumous estates housed in the Music Department of the Bavarian State Library. It was found in a miscellany of 18 manuscripts formerly owned by the well-known cultural historian, musicographer, and novelist Wilhelm Heinrich von Riehl (1823--97). The sensational discovery was made in 2004 by the musicologist Dr. Berthold Over, who succeeded in identifying the manuscript's anonymous Italian cantata as a work by Handel in his own hand. The Munich autograph hands down the complete cantata on 11 pages. However, rather than being scored for solo soprano, two oboes, strings, and basso continuo, as described in the Handel thematic catalogue (HWV 97), the solo voice is accompanied by a single keyboard instrument. Many musical details in this chamber version deviate from the work's previously known source tradition. The original version probably received its first public hearing at King's Theatre in Haymarket, London, on July 5, 1721, whereas this version was written much later, presumably in or around 1738.


  • Händel, George Frideric, 1685-1759 Composer.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1738.


  • -  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland--England--London
  • -  1738
  • -  Cantatas
  • -  Musical scores


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "BSB Shelfmark: 4468"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 49r-54r folios : 28.5 x 22.5 centimeters. Autograph; voice and piano.
  • -  Original resource at: Bavarian State Library.
  • -  Content in Italian.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667760

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Händel, George Frideric, Composer. Cruel Tyrant Love. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1738] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Händel, G. F. (1738) Cruel Tyrant Love. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Händel, George Frideric, Composer. Cruel Tyrant Love. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1738] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.