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Book/Printed Material 13th-Century Qurʼan from Seville. 13th-Century Qur'an from Seville

About this Item


  • 13th-Century Qurʼan from Seville.

Other Title

  • 13th-Century Qur'an from Seville


  • This early 13th-century manuscript is among the very few surviving dated Qurʼans from Islamic Spain. Completed in Seville in 1226 AD (624 AH), it was rescued from destruction during the Reconquista (reconquest) by Muslim refugees who fled Spain for North Africa. In 1535, when the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (1500--58) conquered Tunis in an expedition against the Barbary pirates, his troops seized the Qurʼan and took it back to Europe. The manuscript subsequently came into possession of Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter (1506--57), a diplomat and orientalist whose library later became the foundation for the Munich court library. The text is written on parchment in condensed Andalusi script. Gold dominates in the coloring of the opening double page, in the surah (chapter) headings, and in the verse markers and ornaments in the margins referring to prostrations and the division of the Qurʼan into sections. The final page with the colophon is set in a rosette surrounded by a square frame. The manuscript is at the Bavarian State Library in Munich, Germany.

Created / Published

  • Seville : [publisher not identified], 1226.


  • -  Spain--Andalucía--Seville
  • -  500 to 1226
  • -  Arabic calligraphy
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Islamic calligraphy
  • -  Islamic manuscripts
  • -  Koran


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "BSB shelfmark: 1"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 130 sheets, paper : illustrations ; 22 x 20 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Bavarian State Library.
  • -  Content in Arabic.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667764

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

13th-Century Qurʼan from Seville. [Seville: Publisher Not Identified, 1226] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(1226) 13th-Century Qurʼan from Seville. [Seville: Publisher Not Identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

13th-Century Qurʼan from Seville. [Seville: Publisher Not Identified, 1226] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.