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Book/Printed Material Dialogues of the Gods. Dialogi deorum

About this Item


  • Dialogues of the Gods.

Other Title

  • Dialogi deorum


  • This manuscript contains ten of the dialogues of Lucianus, a second-century rhetorician and satirist who wrote in Greek, in the Latin version of Livio Guidolotto (also seen as Guidalotto or Guidalotti). Livio, a classical scholar from Urbino, was the apostolic assistant of Pope Leo X, and he dedicated his translation to the pope in an introductory epistle of 1518 ("Romae, Idibus maii MDXVIII"; folio 150v). The latest possible date for the manuscript thus is 1521, the year Leo died. The emblem of Giovanni de' Medici, with the beam accompanied by the letter "N" and the motto "Suave" as it stood even before he became pope, is inserted in the decoration within the codex. The Medici coat of arms is also present, crowned by the papal insignia and the symbol of the Medici, a diamond ring with a white, a green, and a red feather and the motto "Semper." The same emblems are found in a group of codices in the Medicea Laurenziana Library in Florence that probably were commissioned by Leo X. The librarian Luigi De Angelis was responsible for publishing the text of the manuscript in Siena in 1823. De Angelis praised the elegance of the illuminations, with particular reference to the portrait in the dedicatory initial, believed to depict an effigy of Lucianus, and suggested that it could be attributed to Raphael. A reviewer of De Angelis's edition put forward the hypothesis that Livio Guidolotto's dedication of the caustic dialogues to the pope was not accepted. As a result, the work remained unpublished for a very long time. The manuscript is known have been in the collection of the Sienese scholar Uberto Benvoglienti at the beginning of the 18th century. It later was bequeathed to the Biblioteca comunale degli Intronati di Siena. The manuscript is bound in a composite codex that gathers together five manuscripts of different ages (dating from the end of the 13th century to circa 1521) and provenance, and which are also dissimilar in layout, graphic style, and format.


  • Guidolotto, Livio Translator.
  • Lucian, of Samosata, circa 120-circa 180 Author.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1518 to 1521]


  • -  Greece
  • -  Italy
  • -  125 to 180
  • -  Codex
  • -  Dialogues, Greek
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Mythology, Greek


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Shelfmark: ms. H.VI.31[5]"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 24 folios : parchment with illuminations ; 228 x 146 millimeters.
  • -  Reference extracted from World Digital Library: Biblioteca comunale degli Intronati, The Biblioteca comunale degli Intronati for The James Madison Council: manuscripts, incunables, drawings and prints (Siena: 2011).
  • -  Original resource at: Municipal Library Intronati.
  • -  Content in Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667845

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Guidolotto, Livio Translator, and Of Samosata Lucian. Dialogues of the Gods. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1521, 1518] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Guidolotto, L. T. & Lucian, O. S. (1518) Dialogues of the Gods. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1521] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Guidolotto, Livio Translator, and Of Samosata Lucian. Dialogues of the Gods. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1521, 1518] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.