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Book/Printed Material The Seville Bible. Biblia hispalense

About this Item


  • The Seville Bible.

Other Title

  • Biblia hispalense


  • Biblia hispalense (The Seville Bible), also known as the Toletanus Codex, is a manuscript from the first half of the tenth century, in Latin written in lower-case Visigothic script by at least four copyists. The titles also appear in Hebrew, and there are notes in Arabic in the margins. The manuscript consists of booklets of eight sheets each, on parchment, with the text in three columns of 63--65 lines. Included are the texts of the Old and New Testaments, with a preface, prologues, and commentaries by Saint Jerome, Saint Isidore, and others. Despite its clearly Christian format and content, the Arab influence of the Moorish occupation of Al-Andalus is notable in the ornamentation, and in the double horseshoe arch with a decorative motif in the form of flowers and leaves typical of Islamic art. The symbols of the Evangelists, Saint Luke and Saint John, are included and there are drawings of the prophets Micah, Nahum, and Zechariah, and some initials with birds and fish. Some capital letters and captions appear in blue and red. The manuscript shows some deterioration, particularly in the early pages. Partial Arabic numbering survives from the 15th and 16th centuries, and a complete set from the 18th century. The final pages contain a fragment of a Latin glossary from a different codex. A note on page 375v states that Servando from Seville gave the book to his friend the bishop of Córdoba, who in 988 gave it to the Church of Saint Mary in Seville. It came to the National Library of Spain with other materials from Toledo Cathedral in 1869.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [900 to 950]


  • -  Spain--Andalucía--Seville
  • -  900 to 950
  • -  Bible
  • -  Codex
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Islamic art
  • -  Toletanus Codex


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 375 folio : parchment ; 44 x 32 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of Spain.
  • -  Content in Arabic and Hebrew and Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667861

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

The Seville Bible. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 900 to 950, 0900] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(0900) The Seville Bible. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 900 to 950] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

The Seville Bible. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 900 to 950, 0900] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.