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About this Item


  • Book of Hours.


  • This finely illuminated and iconographically rich book of hours was made in England at the end of the 13th century. The manuscript is incomplete and mis-bound. The original sequence of the parts of the manuscript cannot be reconstructed with certainty. The Abbreviated Hours were followed by the Hours of the Holy Spirit, the Seven Penitential Psalms, the litany and collects, the Fifteen Gradual Psalms, the Office of the Dead, and the Hours of Jesus Crucified. Whether the Prayers to the Crucified Christ, which were followed by the lections in the life of Saint Catharine, came before or after this sequence is unknown. The book's main artist also illuminated a Bible now held in the Bodleian Library at Oxford (Ms. Auct. D.3.2) and a psalter preserved at Trinity College, Cambridge (Ms. O.4.16). The manuscript contains a number of unusual texts, including the Hours of Jesus Crucified and the Office of Saint Catherine. The text of the former has been scrambled. The patron of the manuscript is not clear; a woman is depicted as praying in many of the initials, but rubrics in the Office of the Dead mention frères (brothers). The imagery is inventive, and the Hours of Christ Crucified are graced with images depicting the funeral of Reynard the Fox in its margins. In the absence of a calendar, it is not possible to locate the origin of the manuscript precisely.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1300.


  • -  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • -  1300
  • -  Bible. New Testament
  • -  Books of hours
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Miniatures (Illuminations)
  • -  Prayers
  • -  Psalms
  • -  Reynard the Fox (Legendary character)


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Walters Ms. W.102"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 104 folios : parchment ; 18.7 x 26.7 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Walters Art Museum.
  • -  Content in Old French (842-ca. 1400) and Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667937

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Book of Hours. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1300] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(1300) Book of Hours. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Book of Hours. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1300] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.