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About this Item


  • Homilary.


  • This richly illuminated 14th-century German homilary is particularly interesting for its rare bifolium of drawings bound in at the front of the book. The headgear worn by the nuns in the drawings is characteristic of Cistercensian and Premostratensian nuns in northern Germany as early as circa 1320. Evidence for dating and localization is also found in the manuscript's relationship with a second homilary in the Bodleian Library (Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Douce 185). Despite minor codicological differences-page layout, text-block dimensions, and ruling-it seems likely that the two homilaries were composed as a set in one scriptorium. The drawings at the beginning of the present Walters manuscript were inspired by miniatures within the book and are very similar to the style of artist of Ms. Douce 185 who has recently been identified as a collaborator of the Willehalm Master. Although the Walters homilary lacks internal evidence for localization, it can be attributed to the lower Rhine on the basis of general affinities between work of this region and English art. The Walters homilary is stylistically close to the small ivory book illustrated with 14 paintings of the Passion in the Victoria and Albert Museum (London, Victoria and Albert Museum, inv. no.11-1872), which has Westphalian and north German characteristics. The palette, figural drawings, the use of checkered spandrels, large ivy-leaf terminals, and ape marginalia in the Walters homilary are also close to fragments of an antiphonary from Westphalia scattered in German collections (Düsseldorf, Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. D. 37a, b, and c, and Hamm, Städtisches Gustav-Lübcke-Museum, Mss. 5474-76). A second group of stylistically related manuscripts can be found in a two-volume antiphonary from the Dominican nunnery of Paradise near Soest (Düsseldorf, Universitätsbibliothek, Mss. D.7 and D.9).

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1320 to 1350]


  • -  Germany
  • -  1320 to 1350
  • -  Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo, 354--430
  • -  Bernard, of Clairvaux, Saint, 1090 or 1091-1153
  • -  Bible. New Testament
  • -  Homiliaries
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Leo I, Pope, died 461
  • -  Liturgies
  • -  Miniatures (Illuminations)
  • -  Prayers
  • -  Saints
  • -  Sermons


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Walters Ms. W.148"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 283 folios : parchment ; 21.2 x 30.5 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Walters Art Museum.
  • -  Content in Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667939

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Homilary. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1350, 1320] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(1320) Homilary. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1350] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Homilary. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1350, 1320] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.