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Book/Printed Material Carrow Psalter.

About this Item


  • Carrow Psalter.


  • This English manuscript was made in East Anglia in the mid-13th century for a patron with special veneration for Saint Olaf, whose life and martyrdom are prominently portrayed in the Beatus initial of Psalm 1. Known as the Carrow Psalter, because of its later use by the nunnery of Carrow near Norwich, it is more accurately described as a psalter-hours, as it contains, among other texts, the Office of the Dead and the Hours of the Virgin. The manuscript is striking for its rich variety of illuminations, including full-page cycles of saints, martyrs, and biblical scenes. It also has historiated initials within the psalter, and heraldry added in the 15th century to undecorated initials in the Hours of the Virgin. Especially notable is the miniature on folio 15 verso portraying the martyrdom of Saint Thomas Becket. After Henry VIII found Becket guilty of treason in 1538, his image was concealed by gluing a page over it rather than destroying it. The image has since been rediscovered.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1250.


  • -  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland--England
  • -  1250
  • -  Bible. New Testament
  • -  Bible. Old Testament
  • -  Books of hours
  • -  Calendars
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Miniatures (Illuminations)
  • -  Psalms
  • -  Psalters
  • -  Saints


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Walters Ms. W.34"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 321 folios : parchment ; 17.6 x 24.7 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Walters Art Museum.
  • -  Content in Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667945

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Carrow Psalter. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1250] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(1250) Carrow Psalter. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Carrow Psalter. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1250] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.