Top of page

Book/Printed Material "Imperial" Menologion.

About this Item


  • "Imperial" Menologion.


  • This manuscript, created in the Byzantine Empire in the second quarter of the 11th century, contains the biographies of saints whom the church commemorates in the month of January. It was originally part of a set containing volumes for each month of the year. A companion volume, with texts for March, now survives in Moscow (State Historical Museum, MS gr. 183). Each chapter in both manuscripts opens with a miniature depicting the death of a respective saint, or less often, another significant event from his or her life. Each text also ends with a seven-line prayer for the well-being of an emperor whose name is spelled by the lines' initial letters, as in, for example, "MIC[H]AEL P." This most probably stands for "Michael, patriarch" and refers to Michael Cerularius, patriarch of Constantinople from 1043 to 1059. When first used, the books were read out in the emperor's presence, probably in one of the numerous chapels of the great imperial palace in Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine, or Eastern Roman, Empire. There are 24 half-page miniatures in the manuscript. A single leaf from the Walters' volume is now kept in Berlin (Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Ms. graec. fol. 31). By the 16th century, several folios were missing and paper leaves copied from a Metaphrastian Menologion were added at this time.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1025 to 1041]


  • -  Turkey--Istanbul
  • -  1025 to 1041
  • -  Biography
  • -  Byzantine Empire
  • -  Calendars
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Liturgies
  • -  Miniatures (Illuminations)
  • -  Orthodox Eastern Church
  • -  Saints
  • -  Synaxarion


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Walters Ms. W.521"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 295 folios : parchment ; 23 x 30 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Walters Art Museum.
  • -  Content in Ancient Greek (to 1453).
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667947

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

"Imperial" Menologion. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1041, 1025] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(1025) "Imperial" Menologion. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1041] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

"Imperial" Menologion. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1041, 1025] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.