About this Item


  • Book of Hours.


  • In the Byzantine world, this book would have been known as a horologion, or book of hours. Illustrated books of hours in Greek are extremely rare, and this example is one of only two surviving horologia with image cycles. The manuscript includes many full-page miniatures, which show interaction between the late-Byzantine and Gothic artistic styles. The manuscript may have been copied on the island of Crete, which in the 15th century was under Venetian rule. Unlike the images found in Western books of hours, which typically are drawn from the New Testament, the images in this book are almost all from the Old Testament.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1450.


  • -  Greece
  • -  1450
  • -  Bible. New Testament
  • -  Bible. Old Testament
  • -  Books of hours
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Miniatures (Illuminations)
  • -  Prayers
  • -  Psalms


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Walters Ms. W.534"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 260 folios : parchment ; 7.3 x 9.2 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Walters Art Museum.
  • -  Content in Ancient Greek (to 1453).
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667949

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Book of Hours. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1450] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667949/.

APA citation style:

(1450) Book of Hours. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021667949/.

MLA citation style:

Book of Hours. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1450] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021667949/>.