Book/Printed Material Ethiopian Gospels.

About this Item


  • Ethiopian Gospels.


  • This Gospel book was written in Tigray, northern Ethiopia, in the early 14th century, and was once owned by the Church of Saint George in Debre Mark'os. It was written by the scribe Mäṭre Krastos in the official liturgical language of Ethiopia, Ga'az. Most notable is its prefatory image cycle, which makes references to holy places in Jerusalem, such as Golgotha and the Holy Sepulcher, as they appeared in the sixth century. The manuscript therefore appears to be based on a sixth-century exemplar containing images connected to the Byzantine cult of holy places. Several related manuscripts have been identified that seem to be based on the same prototype, most notably Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, eth. 32, a fragment in the Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa University, Inventory no. 3475 a-b, and another fragment in the National Museum, Stockholm, NM B 2034. The Paris manuscript contains a mid-14th-century colophon which helps to date the group. Although water has damaged some of its elaborately decorated pages, this Gospel book is still an important record of the resurgence of monasticism that flourished in 14th-century Ethiopia.

Contributor Names

  • Mäṭre, Krastos Scribe.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1300 to 1350]

Subject Headings

  • -  Ethiopia--Tigray
  • -  1300 to 1350
  • -  Bible. New Testament
  • -  Ethiopian Orthodox Church
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Miniatures (Illuminations)


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Walters Ms. W.836"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 248 folios : parchment ; 16.5 x 26.6 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Walters Art Museum.
  • -  Content in Geez.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • World History

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667957

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Mäṭre, Krastos Scribe. Ethiopian Gospels. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1350, 1300] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Mäṭre, K. S. (1300) Ethiopian Gospels. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1350] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Mäṭre, Krastos Scribe. Ethiopian Gospels. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1350, 1300] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.