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About this Item


  • Gospels.


  • This Gospel book from the Carolingian period is a product of the Mainz school of calligraphy and illumination, which was a successor to the palace (or court) school of Charlemagne. In its canon tables and portraits of the evangelists, it blends the Ottonian style from the tenth century with the traditions of the earlier Carolingian Ada group (late eighth century). The manuscript received its fine binding in the Ottonian period. Its most valuable parts are the two outstanding ivories. The baptism of Christ is represented on the front cover; on the back are shown the Annunciation and the birth of Christ. It is uncertain whether the ivory on the back cover originally belonged to this codex. The Gospel book was originally owned by Bamberg Cathedral, to which it had possibly been presented by Emperor Henry II (reigned 1014-24). The Ada group refers to a set of ivory carvings and a group of about 10 illuminated manuscripts, named after a circa 750 gospel book commissioned by Ada, half-sister of Charlemagne. These works are the earliest examples of the court school of Charlemagne.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [825 to 850]


  • -  Germany--Rhineland Palatinate--Mainz
  • -  825 to 850
  • -  Bible
  • -  Bible. New Testament
  • -  Illuminations


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "BSB shelfmark: Clm 4451|This description of the work was written by Karl-Georg Pfändtner of the Bavarian State Library."--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: I + 159 leaves : parchment, illuminations ; 30.5 x 21 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Bavarian State Library.
  • -  Content in Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667981

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Gospels. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 825 to 850, 0825] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(0825) Gospels. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 825 to 850] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Gospels. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 825 to 850, 0825] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.