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Book/Printed Material January 13, 889. Consecration. Consagració

About this Item


  • January 13, 889. Consecration.

Other Title

  • Consagració


  • In the ninth century, the castle of Tona, located on the plain of Vic in eastern Catalonia, guarded the surrounding territory and defended it from possible Saracen attacks during the struggle with the Muslims for control of Spain. The Church of Saint Andrew was built close to the castle by the village inhabitants. They provided it with ornaments, books, and liturgical objects, and supplied it with houses and lands for its upkeep. The bishop of Vic, called Gotmar, consecrated the church in 888 and gave to it a nearby house and some feudal revenues. The priest Athanagild testified to the act. This very well preserved document, written in Carolingian minuscule, contains at the end a phrase in Latin, surgite, sancti, de abitationibus vestris, loca sanctificate et plebem benedicite et nos homines peccatores in pace custodite (Rise, oh ye saints, from your dwellings, sanctify the place and bless the people and keep ye us sinful men in peace), with musical notations, which probably was sung on the day of the consecration. These musical neumes are considered the oldest in Europe.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 0889.


  • -  Spain--Catalonia--Tona
  • -  889
  • -  Catholic churches
  • -  Consecration
  • -  Feudalism
  • -  Music
  • -  Musical notation
  • -  Musical scores


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 261 x 467 millimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of Catalonia.
  • -  Content in Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668014

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

January 13, 889. Consecration. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 0889] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(0889) January 13, 889. Consecration. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

January 13, 889. Consecration. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 0889] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.