Top of page

Book/Printed Material Canonical Book of Hours. Liber horarum canonicarum

About this Item


  • Canonical Book of Hours.

Other Title

  • Liber horarum canonicarum


  • This book of hours from Slovakia originated in France. Features that reflect French influence and provenance include the script, its decoration, and the initial letter "D" (Domine) with the motif of the Virgin Mary holding a book, and a heraldic shield bearing the arms of the white cross with the heart (the arms of the Order of Crucigeri) carried by two angels. Similarly, the content of the codex, mainly the structure of its calendarium, indicates that it arose within the milieu of an Augustinian monastery or of the Crucigeri Friars. The feasts of certain saints, including Saint Elisabeth, were added to the calendarium at a later date, indicating that the book was also used in Slovakia. The binding of the two silver-gilded plates is evidence of West European production of the 15th and 16th century. The parts of the binding do not form a consistent whole. They come from two different sources and were brought together only to bind this book. On the front are enamel figures of the four Evangelists situated at the corners; in the center medaillon, framed with a filligree ornament made of wound wire, can be seen a depiction of the resurrection of Christ. The back is covered a depiction of the crucifixion of Christ. This scene involves only the Virgin Mary and Saint John, but it is complemented by a view of the town on the horizon. At the foot of the cross a skull can be seen (the grave of Adam) and over the arms of Jesus are the symbols of the sun and moon (representing Christ's promise of salvation). The inscriptions are a combination of Latin acronyms (INRI, MP) and Greek names (OX, Joannos). The spine of the binding is decorated with sculpted floral ornamentation.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1450 to 1499]


  • -  France
  • -  1450 to 1499
  • -  Books of hours
  • -  Codex
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Liturgies
  • -  Prayers


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 164 folios : parchment ; 112 x 75 millimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Slovak National Library.
  • -  Content in Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668025

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Canonical Book of Hours. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1499, 1450] Pdf.

APA citation style:

(1450) Canonical Book of Hours. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1499] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Canonical Book of Hours. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1499, 1450] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.