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Book/Printed Material Khmer Alphabet. Alphabets Cambogiens

About this Item


  • Khmer Alphabet.

Other Title

  • Alphabets Cambogiens


  • On April 27, 1858, Alexandre Henri Mouhot, aged 31, sailed from London to Bangkok with the aim of exploring the remote interior regions of mainland Southeast Asia. He was particularly interested in ornithology and conchology, but he also had a passion for philology, photography, and foreign languages. Born in 1826 in Montbeliard, France, Mouhot became a Greek scholar, and at the age of 18 went to teach Greek and French at the Military Academy in Saint Petersburg, where he quickly picked up Russian and Polish. At the same time he learned about the new photographic process invented by Daguerre, which he tried out as a new art form during extensive travels to Germany, Belgium, and Italy from 1854 onwards. Two years later, Mouhot settled down in England and married Annette, a relative of the Scottish explorer Mungo Park. John Bowring's newly published book, The Kingdom and People of Siam (1857) is said to have inspired Mouhot to travel outside Europe, but the growing French presence in mainland Southeast Asia and the adventurous travels of Mungo Park may as well have played a role. Presented here are facsimiles of Sanskrit, Thai, Lao, and Khmer inscriptions from Angkor (present-day Cambodia) and Korat (then Siam, present-day Thailand) made by Mouhot. Also shown are Mouhot's travel documents issued by the Siamese authorities.


  • Mouhot, Henri, 1826-1861 Author.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1860 to 1861]


  • -  Cambodia
  • -  Thailand
  • -  1860 to 1861
  • -  Alphabet
  • -  Khmer language
  • -  Lao language
  • -  Thai language


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "British Library manuscript reference number: Or 4736"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 19 folios.
  • -  Reference extracted from World Digital Library: Jana Igunma, "Henri Mouhot's (almost forgotten) epigraphic notes," Asian and African Studies Blog, November 15, 2013, External
  • -  Original resource at: The British Library.
  • -  Content in French and Central Khmer and Lao and Thai.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668044

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Mouhot, Henri, Author. Khmer Alphabet. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1861, 1860] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Mouhot, H. (1860) Khmer Alphabet. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1861] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Mouhot, Henri, Author. Khmer Alphabet. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1861, 1860] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.