Book/Printed Material Armorial of Cornelis van Aeken, or Beyeren Armorial. Wapenboek Beyeren
About this Item
- Armorial of Cornelis van Aeken, or Beyeren Armorial.
- Wapenboek Beyeren
- The Beyeren Armorial, also known as the Armorial of Cornelis van Aeken, was compiled by Claes Heynenzoon (also known as the Gelre Herald, circa 1345-1414), who was Ruwieren King of Arms, the chief herald of the Netherlands, around 1400. Heraldry had steadily increased in importance throughout the Middle Ages. In tournaments and on the battlefield, knights were unrecognizable once they donned their helmet and armor, unless they used a coat of arms as an identifying symbol. The coats of arms also were used to indicate the noble lord to whom the knight had sworn fealty. The herald kept track of the coats of arms and introduced the knights at tournaments, so a solid grasp on international knighthood was essential to his work. Heynenzoon completed the work on June 23, 1405, as stated in the postscript: Explicit iste liber per manus Beyeren quondam Gelre armorum regis de Ruris (Here endeth this book by the hand of Bavaria, formerly Guelders, Ruwieren King of Arms [in the year of our Lord one thousand four hundred and five on the day before Saint John the Baptist's Day].) Heynenzoon refers to himself as "Bavaria" and notes that he was previously known as "Guelders," a reference to his role as the herald to the court of the Duke of Guelders. Heynenzoon had previously written the Wapenboek Gelre, or Guelders Armorial, in the late 14th century (now in the Royal Library of Belgium in Brussels, ms. 15652-56). After transferring to the court of Albert I, Duke of Bavaria and regent over the county of Holland, he compiled the Beyeren Armorial while at the court of Holland. The book contains 1,096 colored drawings, mainly grouped in five series showing the coats of arms of: (1) 337 competitors in a tournament at Compiègne in February 1238 (the indicated date may be an error, perhaps intended to be 1278); (2) 191 competitors in a tournament in Mons in 1310; (3) 404 combatants in a foray against the Frisians in Kuinre in 1396; (4) 122 combatants in the siege of Gorinchem in 1402; and (5) 14 sets of "three bests" (the three best Jans, Williams, Adolfs, Dirks, and so forth). Heynenzoon personally compiled the coats of arms from the combatants at the siege of Gorinchem; he derived the others from different sources. The text corresponds to a copy of the armorial dating to about 1500 (Vienna, National Library of Austria, ms. Palatinus 3297, fol. 30): Explicit iste liber per manus beyeren quondam gelre armorum regis de Ruris anno Domini M CCCC V, in profesto sancti Johannis Baptiste. The Beyeren Armorial was incorrectly bound in 1581. In this digital presentation, its original sequence has been restored: folios 1-8, 18-35, 49-57, 36-48, 9-17, and 58-65.
- Elzevir, Louis, approximately 1540-1617 Binder.
- Gelre, approximately 1345-1414 Compiler.
Created / Published
- [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1402 to 1405]
- - Netherlands
- - 1238 to 1405
- - Devices (Heraldry)
- - Illuminations
- - Knights and knighthood
- - Nobility
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - Original resource extent: 62 folios : parchment and paper ; approximately 230 x 155 millimeters.
- - Reference extracted from World Digital Library: Gerard Nijsten, In the Shadow of Burgundy: The Court of Guelders in the Late Middle Ages (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).
- - Original resource at: National Library of the Netherlands.
- - Content in Middle Dutch (ca. 1050-1350).
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Rights & Access
The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners
The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.
Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
More about Copyright and other Restrictions
For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.
For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Elzevir, Louis, Approximately Binder, and Approximately Compiler Gelre. Armorial of Cornelis van Aeken, or Beyeren Armorial. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1405, 1402] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668058/.
APA citation style:
Elzevir, L. & Gelre, A. C. (1402) Armorial of Cornelis van Aeken, or Beyeren Armorial. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1405] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668058/.
MLA citation style:
Elzevir, Louis, Approximately Binder, and Approximately Compiler Gelre. Armorial of Cornelis van Aeken, or Beyeren Armorial. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1405, 1402] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668058/>.