Book/Printed Material The Overseas Expeditions by the French against the Turks and Other Saracens and Moors Overseas. Passages faiz oultre mer par les François contre les Turcqs et autres Sarrazins et Mores oultre marins
About this Item
- The Overseas Expeditions by the French against the Turks and Other Saracens and Moors Overseas.
- Passages faiz oultre mer par les François contre les Turcqs et autres Sarrazins et Mores oultre marins
- Les Passages faiz oultre mer par les François contre les Turcqs et autres Sarrazins et Mores oultre marins (The overseas expeditions by the French against the Turks and other Saracens and Moors overseas), commonly known as Passages d'outremer (The expeditions to outremer), is an illuminated manuscript made in France around 1472-75. It includes 66 miniatures, most likely painted by Jean Colombe (active 1463-98), an illuminator from Bourges. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, Pope Pius II pleaded for the liberation of the Christian holy places in the Middle East. The pope's project never came to fruition, but it revived a certain interest in the Crusades undertaken centuries earlier by the Europeans. In 1472, Louis de Laval, governor of Champagne and advisor to King Louis XI, asked his chaplain and secretary, Sébastien Mamerot, to write a chronicle of the Crusades. The work is a compilation of various stories from the legendary conquest of Jerusalem by Charlemagne to the battle of Nicopolis in 1396 and the siege of Constantinople in 1394-1402. One piece of text was added at a later date to the beginning of the manuscript: the French translation of a letter written by Sultan Bajazed II (circa 1447-1512) to King Charles VIII (1470-98), sent from Constantinople on July 4, 1488 (folio 3 verso), followed by a copy in Latin and Italian (folio 4 recto). The manuscript was owned successively by Diane de Poitiers (1499-1566), Charles-Henri de Clermont-Tonnerre (1571-1640), and, according to the bookplates found in the manuscript, by Cardinal Mazarin (1602-61) before it became a part of the royal library in 1668.
- Bayezid II, Sultan of the Turks, 1447 or 1448-1512 Contributor.
- Chastellain, Georges, 1405?-1475 Author.
- Colombe, Jean, active 1463-1498 Illuminator.
- Mamerot, Sébastien, active 15th century Author.
Created / Published
- [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1472 to 1475]
- - France
- - Israel--Jerusalem
- - Turkey--Istanbul
- - 800 to 1488
- - Catholic Church
- - Charlemagne, Emperor, 742-814
- - Correspondence
- - Crusades
- - Holy Roman Empire
- - Illuminations
- - Legends
- - Letters
- - Miniatures (Illuminations)
- - Ottoman Empire, 1288-1918
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - Original resource extent: 293 folios.
- - Original resource at: National Library of France.
- - Content in French and Italian and Latin.
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
- Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
- Bayezid II, Sultan of the Turks
- Chastellain, Georges
- Colombe, Jean, Active
- Mamerot, Sébastien, Active 15th Century
Rights & Access
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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
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Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Bayezid Ii, Sultan Of The Turks, 1447 Or Contributor, Georges Chastellain, Jean Colombe, and Sébastien Mamerot. The Overseas Expeditions by the French against the Turks and Other Saracens and Moors Overseas. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1475, 1472] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668070/.
APA citation style:
Bayezid Ii, S. O. T. T., Chastellain, G., Colombe, J. & Mamerot, S. (1472) The Overseas Expeditions by the French against the Turks and Other Saracens and Moors Overseas. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1475] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668070/.
MLA citation style:
Bayezid Ii, Sultan Of The Turks, 1447 Or Contributor, et al. The Overseas Expeditions by the French against the Turks and Other Saracens and Moors Overseas. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1475, 1472] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668070/>.