Book/Printed Material Collection of Laws. Fuero Juzgo
About this Item
- Collection of Laws.
- Fuero Juzgo
- This manuscript of Fuero Juzgo from the collections of the National Library of Sweden dates from around 1300 and is one of the oldest extant manuscripts of this text in Castilian. The Fuero Juzgo ("collection of laws") was in principle a translation of the former Visigothic law code Liber Iudiciorum, or Lex Visigothorum, from 654, which after the Reconquista was first applied as local law in the reconquered regions. It was promulgated by King Ferdinand III of Castile in 1241 and used until the end of the 19th century, when it was replaced by the Spanish Civil Code. The Visigoths had a long and, for all of the regions they influenced, important history as lawmakers. The foundation for their written law was Roman law, but Visigothic law also was strongly influenced by Roman Catholic Canon law. Even during the centuries of Muslim rule, Christians were permitted to use Visigothic law, as long as it did not conflict with Muslim law. The Stockholm manuscript is on paper and comprises 169 leaves. It is decorated with two miniatures, one showing the Visigothic king Sisenand (reigned, 631-36) as legislator and another illustrating a violation of the right of asylum. The manuscript was bought in Madrid in 1690 by the Swedish philologist, linguist, and diplomat Johan Gabriel Sparwenfeld (1655-1727). It previously was owned by the Spanish statesman Conde-Duque de Olivares (1587-1645). Sparwenfeld had been charged by the king of Sweden to acquire in foreign countries remnants from the time of the Goths, as they were considered ancestors of the Swedes. When Sparwenfeld did not receive reimbursement for his expenses, he retained the books he acquired, which he donated in 1705 to the Royal Library (National Library of Sweden) and to the University Library in Uppsala.
Created / Published
- [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1300.
- - Spain--Castilla y León
- - Spain--Castilla-La Mancha
- - 654 to 1300
- - Illuminations
- - Law, Medieval
- - Law, Visigothic
- - Miniatures (Illuminations)
- - Sisenand, died 636
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - "Shelfmark: B 693"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
- - Original resource extent: 169 leaves : paper ; 28.5 x 22.2 centimeters.
- - Original resource at: National Library of Sweden.
- - Content in Old Spanish.
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
- Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
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Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Collection of Laws. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1300] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668148/.
APA citation style:
(1300) Collection of Laws. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668148/.
MLA citation style:
Collection of Laws. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1300] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668148/>.