Book/Printed Material Three Texts on Architecture from Classical Antiquity: The Books of Vitruvius, Raphael's Letter to Pope Leo X, Fragments of Writing. Il libro di Vitruvio. Lettera di Raffaelo d'Urbino a Papa Leone X. Fragmentum de literis

About this Item

Title

  • Three Texts on Architecture from Classical Antiquity: The Books of Vitruvius, Raphael's Letter to Pope Leo X, Fragments of Writing.

Other Title

  • Il libro di Vitruvio. Lettera di Raffaelo d'Urbino a Papa Leone X. Fragmentum de literis

Summary

  • The ideas of the High Renaissance were realized in Rome during the papacy of Leo X (1513-21), a great patron of the arts from the house of Medici. The artist Raphael (1483-1520), who worked in Rome from 1508, obtained a number of important commissions in this period. After Bramante's death in 1514, he was appointed architect of the rebuilding of Saint Peter's Cathedral and subsequently also as inspector of Rome's ancient ruins. Raphael used the works of classical antiquity to help solve practical architectural problems. He took the humanist Fabio Calvo into his home to translate for him the architectural text book of the great Roman Vitruvius. He then set about reconstructing the plan of the ancient city of Rome by means of surveys and excavations. The manuscript presented here contains Calvo's translations of Vitruvius into Italian. Bound with these manuscripts is the text of the famous letter to Leo X containing an appeal for the preservation of the ancient Roman monuments. Raphael is now known with certainty to be author of this letter, probably with some assistance from the Italian courtier and writer Baldassare Castiglione. The letter clearly sets out a method of recording buildings in plan, elevation, and cross-section. Work on Raphael's project was cut short by his early death and by the sack of Rome in 1527, but this letter remains notable as the foundation of scientific archaeology. At one time owned by Pietro Vettori, these two important manuscripts later were acquired by the Palatinate and Bavarian elector Karl Theodor for the court library in 1783.

Contributor Names

  • Fabio Calvo, Marco, approximately 1440-1527 Translator.
  • Raphael, 1483-1520 Author.
  • Vitruvius Pollio Author.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1500 to 1527]

Subject Headings

  • -  Italy
  • -  1500 to 1527
  • -  Antiquities
  • -  Archaeological sites
  • -  Archaeology
  • -  Architecture
  • -  Architecture -- Conservation and restoration
  • -  Building construction
  • -  Designs and plans
  • -  Engineering
  • -  Leo X, Pope, 1475-1521
  • -  Letters
  • -  Rome
  • -  Ruins

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "BSB shelfmark: Cod.ital. 37 a.b.c|This description of the work was written by Karl Dachs of the Bavarian State Library."--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 100 folios ; 33 x 24 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Bavarian State Library.
  • -  Content in Italian.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668166

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Fabio Calvo, Marco, Approximately Translator, Author Raphael, and Vitruvius Pollio Author. Three Texts on Architecture from Classical Antiquity: The Books of Vitruvius, Raphael's Letter to Pope Leo X, Fragments of Writing. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1527, 1500] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668166/.

APA citation style:

Fabio Calvo, M., Raphael, A. & Vitruvius Pollio Author. (1500) Three Texts on Architecture from Classical Antiquity: The Books of Vitruvius, Raphael's Letter to Pope Leo X, Fragments of Writing. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1527] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668166/.

MLA citation style:

Fabio Calvo, Marco, Approximately Translator, Author Raphael, and Vitruvius Pollio Author. Three Texts on Architecture from Classical Antiquity: The Books of Vitruvius, Raphael's Letter to Pope Leo X, Fragments of Writing. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1527, 1500] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668166/>.