Top of page

Book/Printed Material Stein Quadriptych.

About this Item


  • Stein Quadriptych.


  • The Stein Quadriptych was likely created in Bruges in about 1525-30, possibly for Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg, and it has been attributed to Simon Bening and associates. This collection of 64 miniatures on parchment is mounted on paper and fixed to four panels, each in sets of 16 miniatures per panel. Each miniature is 6.8 by 5.2 centimeters. The earliest known owner of the collection, until 1886, was Charles Stein, and the ensemble of miniatures was first cited in scholarly literature as the Stein Quadriptych. The miniatures appear to have been dismantled at some point and then reassembled in the four panels held in 19th-century gilt frames. No texts have been found on the backs of these miniatures by the conservation department of the Walters Art Museum. However, because it was normal practice for illuminated folios to be inserted into South Netherlandish prayer books without accompanying text on the back, the lack of textual evidence does not rule out the possibility that these miniatures were once part of a prayer book. Based on formal visual analysis and the use of color, however, these 64 miniatures appear to have been meant to be viewed as an ensemble. The recitation of prayers from a book or from memory may have been intended while the suppliant viewed the sequence in private devotion.


  • Bening, Simon, 1483 or 1484-1561 Associated Name.

Created / Published

  • Bruges, Belgium : [publisher not identified], [1525 to 1530]


  • -  Israel
  • -  1525 to 1530
  • -  Bible. New Testament
  • -  Crucifixion of the Christ
  • -  Illuminations
  • -  Jesus Christ
  • -  Miniatures (Illuminations)
  • -  Polyptychs
  • -  Prophets
  • -  Resurrection of Jesus Christ


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Walters Ms. W.442A-D"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 64 images in 4 folios : parchment ; 6.8 x 5.2 centimeter miniatures on 35.5 x 29 centimeter panels.
  • -  Original resource at: Walters Art Museum.
  • -  Content in Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668190

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Bening, Simon, 1483 Or Associated Name. Stein Quadriptych. [Bruges, Belgium: publisher not identified, to 1530, 1525] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Bening, S. (1525) Stein Quadriptych. [Bruges, Belgium: publisher not identified, to 1530] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Bening, Simon, 1483 Or Associated Name. Stein Quadriptych. [Bruges, Belgium: publisher not identified, to 1530, 1525] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.