Book/Printed Material Wolfram of Eschenbach: Willehalm (Fragments).
About this Item
- Wolfram of Eschenbach: Willehalm (Fragments).
- The epic Willehalm was composed by Wolfram of Eschenbach sometime after the completion of his Parsifal in circa 1210--20. The work extends to 13,988 couplet verses but it seems to be somewhat unfinished. The source came to Wolfram by Landgrave Hermann I of Thuringia (ruled 1190-1217) and is, in its individual features, an unknown version of the old French poem Aliscans, a chanson de geste (an epic poem on the Charlemagne legends) composed in the late 12th century. Its main topics are the wars of Charlemagne and his successors. Aliscans belongs to the extensive cycle of epics having the legendary figure of Guillaume d'Orange at its center. Guillaume d'Orange resembles, to some extent, William of Toulouse, a cousin of Charlemagne and a warrior against the Saracens in the years around 800. There remain only ten existing fragments of a formerly large and lavishly illuminated manuscript (the so-called "Grosse Bilderhandschrift") of about 230 leaves containing 1,380 scenes, which seems to have come from Saxony or Thuringia. Eight leaves of the codex are preserved in Munich and the remaining two small fragments in Nuremberg. The colored outline drawings, mostly three to a page, run parallel with the text and in slightly wider columns, and offer a richly symbolic interpretation of the verses they accompany. The abundance and expressive power of the illuminations, the latter particularly notable in the gestures of the characters, make this one of the finest, as it is one of the earliest, sets of illustrations of a German courtly epic. The original codex is often considered to have been the most splendidly illuminated German manuscript of the Middle Ages. It presumably was cut into pieces in the 16th century and was subsequently used as cover material. The Bavarian State Library was able to purchase the first two fragments in 1829. In 1959 and in 1968 the last (as of now) ten known fragments of leaves were acquired from a private collection.
- Hermann I. Thüringen, Landgraf, 1155-1217 Patron.
- Wolfram, von Eschenbach, 1170?-1220? Creator.
Created / Published
- [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1270 to 1275]
- - France--Bouches-du-Rhône--Arles
- - Germany
- - 1210 to 1220
- - Carolingians
- - Charlemagne, Emperor, 742-814
- - Chivalry
- - Epic poetry
- - German literature
- - Romances
- - William, Saint, Duke of Aquitaine, approximately 755-812
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - "BSB shelfmark: Cgm 193,III"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
- - Original resource extent: 10 fragments, parchment : illustrations.
- - Original resource at: Bavarian State Library.
- - Content in Middle High German (ca. 1050-1500).
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
- Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
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Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Hermann I. Thüringen, Landgraf, Patron, and Von Eschenbach Wolfram. Wolfram of Eschenbach: Willehalm Fragments. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1275, 1270] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668224/.
APA citation style:
Hermann I. Thüringen, L. & Wolfram, V. E. (1270) Wolfram of Eschenbach: Willehalm Fragments. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1275] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668224/.
MLA citation style:
Hermann I. Thüringen, Landgraf, Patron, and Von Eschenbach Wolfram. Wolfram of Eschenbach: Willehalm Fragments. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1275, 1270] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668224/>.