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Map Lu guo zhi tu 魯國之圖

About this Item


  • Lu guo zhi tu

Other Title

  • 魯國之圖

Translated Title

  • Map of Lu State


  • Lu guo zhi tu (Map of Lu State) is the rubbing of a stone stele, erected by Yu Shunkai in the 24th year (1154) of the Shaoxing reign of Southern Song. The stele is now held in the Number One Middle School in Yangxin Xian, Hubei Province (the original location of Xingguojun Prefecture School). The four large characters on the top of the map read: Lu guo zhi tu, written in official script. It is a map with topographical features, depicting the ancient capital of Lu State (present-day Qufu, Shandong) and its vicinity. The map is oriented with north at the top, south at the bottom, the west on the left, and the east on the right. The scope of the area reaches Mount Tai Shan in the north, Sishui River in the west, the Jingling Palace in the east, and Mount Fengshan in the south. It maps out symbolically the city walls, palaces, temples, mountains, rivers, trees, birds, and so forth, marking prominently the 12 city gates of the ancient Lu capital and their names, as well as the Apricot Platform, a pavilion commemorating Confucius teaching his students, his abode in the Queli district of Qufu, and his tomb. On this map, the temple and tomb of Mencius are shown as still located in the Four-Mountain Range, which indicates that the map was made before the years when the Mencius Temple was moved and rebuilt, the fourth year (1114) of the Zhenghe reign, and the fourth year (1122) of the Xuanhe reign. A postscript by Yu Shunkai (born in 1097) explains how he acquired the map and made a stone stele and rubbing that he presented to the school where he taught. Yu, courtesy name Yucai, was a native of Shexian, Anhui, or possibly of Wuyuan, Jiangxi. In the 18th year (1148) of the Shaoxing reign, at age of 52, he was specially granted a jinshi degree. He served as gentleman for meritorious achievement and an instructor of Xingguojun Prefecture School. His career illustrates the importance of maps as teaching tools at the time and the great significance attached to them by the ruling class. This is the earliest existing map of the famous sites and antiquities of the area of Qufu.


  • Yu, Shunkai, born 1097 Creator

Created / Published

  • [Place of publication not identified] : [Publisher not identified], 1154.


  • -  China--Shandong Province--Qufu
  • -  1114
  • -  Cities and towns
  • -  Inscriptions, Chinese
  • -  Rubbing -- China
  • -  Song dynasty, 960-1279
  • -  Stone carving


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 map : stone rubbing ; 171 x 89 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of China.
  • -  Content in Chinese.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
  • -  Title revised per Asian Division.--cc28 2023-01-06


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668285

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Yu, Shunkai, Born 1097 Creator. Lu Guo Zhi Tu. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, 1154] Map.

APA citation style:

Yu, S. (1154) Lu Guo Zhi Tu. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Yu, Shunkai, Born 1097 Creator. Lu Guo Zhi Tu. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, 1154] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.