Top of page

Map Fujian quan sheng zong tu 福建全省總圖

About this Item


  • Fujian quan sheng zong tu

Other Title

  • 福建全省總圖

Translated Title

  • General Maps of Fujian Province


  • Fujian quan sheng zong tu (General maps of Fujian Province) is a printed edition dating from the Daoguang reign (1820-50) of the Qing dynasty. The maps of Fujian in the book are drawn clearly and in great detail. The work consists of 24 leaves, of which 18 are maps. The first map, entitled Fujian quan tu (General map of Fujian), concentrates on the main points. The upper-right side notation reads: Each square represents 200 miles (322 kilometers). The map stretches to Jilong Mountain on the east and Shamaji (with Cape Eluanbi) on the southeast. The entire area is 2,500 miles (4,023 kilometers) from east to west and 2,600 miles (4,184 kilometers) from north to south. The next group of maps, 12 in total, is entitled Fujian shi fu er zhou shan xian shui dao guan yi gu zhai jiang yu zhi tu (Maps of ten prefectures, two departments, and the territories of their mountains, waterways, passes, and ancient strongholds). The ten prefectures are Fuzhou, Xinghua, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Yanping, Jianning, Shaowu, Tingzhou, Funing, and Taiwan. The two departments are Yongchun and Longyan. The central column of each leaf bears the name of the prefecture or department, such as Fuzhou Sheng or Yongchun Zhou, and also has the page number at the bottom. At the time Taiwan was still included in Fujian Province, despite the stretch of ocean between it and the mainland. The calculation of its size was not known. Each prefecture or department is represented by a map, with the area measured by miles per square. The scale measurements vary. On the maps of the prefectures of Fuzhou and Zhangzhou, each square is 30 miles (48.28 kilometers); on those of Xinghua and Quanzhou it is 20 miles (32.19 kilometers); on Shaowu it is 15 miles (24.14 kilometers); and on the map of Yongchun Department each square represents ten miles (16.09 kilometers). On the upper-right corner of each map the area size of the location is recorded, and on the upper-left corner is recorded the distance in miles to the capital and/or the provincial seat. On the four borders and four corners of each map the length of the boundary is given. Three Fujian coastal-defense maps follow. The first is called Fujian hai fang tu (Fujian coastal defense), which marks each port along the coast. The ocean is drawn in seashell shapes, while the land is drawn in squares. On the top left is a lengthy explanation. The second map is Xing Quan Zhang hai fang tu (Coastal defense maps of Xinghua, Quanzhou, and Zhangzhou), with three blank squares on the upper left. The third map is Funing hai fang tu (Funing coastal defense). The second and third maps have no explanations. The last part of this work consists of two maps under the title Taiwan hai kou da xiao gang dao zong tu (General map of Taiwan seaports of various sizes). One of the maps depicts the area from outside Langqiao in the south to Wanggongfan in the north, equivalent to the present-day Hengchun to Wanggong Port in Zhanghua, which forms Taiwan South. The second map depicts the area from Lugang (Lukang) to Kemalanting (Yilan Plain), representing Taiwan North. Only the west-coast waterways are depicted; none of the east-coast waterways are shown. A brief notation on the upper-left corner alongside Touwei reads: "This port was opened in the sixth year (1826) of the Daoguang reign," which confirms that this copy was printed during the Daoguang reign. It was originally in Liang Shaofu's collection; a square seal impression in red with his name can be found in the work.

Created / Published

  • [Place of publication not identified] : [Publisher not identified], [1820 to 1850]


  • -  China--Fujian Province
  • -  China--Taiwan
  • -  1820 to 1850
  • -  Administrative and political divisions
  • -  Coast defenses
  • -  Geography
  • -  Qing dynasty, 1644-1911


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 volume.
  • -  Original resource at: National Central Library.
  • -  Content in Chinese.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
  • -  Title revised per Asian Division.--cc28 2023-01-06


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668288

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Fujian Quan Sheng Zong Tu. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, to 1850, 1820] Map.

APA citation style:

(1820) Fujian Quan Sheng Zong Tu. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, to 1850] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Fujian Quan Sheng Zong Tu. [Place of publication not identified: Publisher not identified, to 1850, 1820] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.