Map European Turkey as the Theater of War between the Turks and the Russians. Turquie d'Europe pour Servir au théâtre de la guerre des Turcs et des Russes

About this Item

Title

  • European Turkey as the Theater of War between the Turks and the Russians.

Other Title

  • Turquie d'Europe pour Servir au théâtre de la guerre des Turcs et des Russes

Summary

  • This map shows southeastern Europe during the Crimean War (1853-56) that pitted Russia against the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) and its allies Britain, France, and Sardinia. The western European powers backed the Turks in order to block Russia's expansion into the Black Sea region, which they believed threatened their positions in the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Many of the war's major battles were fought on the Crimean Peninsula in southern Russia, which, ironically, is not shown on this early map of the "theater of war." The conflict ended with the Treaty of Paris, signed on March 30, 1856, in which Russia was forced to give up territory it had seized from the Ottomans. Color codes are used to indicate the Russian, Austrian, and Turkish Empires, as well as Greece, which had secured its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1832, Moldavia, and the principalities of Wallachia (present-day Romania), Serbia, and Montenegro. The latter were territories nominally under Ottoman suzerainty, but which were autonomous and under Russian influence. The inset map at the lower left shows Constantinople (Istanbul), the Ottoman capital. A single distance scale is given, in kilometers, reflecting the standardization that came with increasing use of the metric system in the mid-19th century.

Contributor Names

  • Dufour, A.H. (Auguste Henri), 1798-1865 Creator.

Created / Published

  • Paris : Gustava Barba, 1855.

Subject Headings

  • -  Albania
  • -  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • -  Bulgaria
  • -  Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • -  Greece
  • -  Italy
  • -  Moldova
  • -  Montenegro
  • -  Romania
  • -  Serbia
  • -  Turkey
  • -  Turkey--Istanbul
  • -  1855
  • -  Balkan Peninsula
  • -  Crimean War, 1853-1856
  • -  Ottoman Empire, 1288-1918

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Scale 1:4,400,000"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 map ; 30 x 41 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National and University Library "St Kliment Ohridski" -- Skopje.
  • -  Content in French.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • World History

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668540

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Dufour, A.H. , Creator. European Turkey as the Theater of War between the Turks and the Russians. Paris: Gustava Barba, 1855. Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668540/.

APA citation style:

Dufour, A. H. (1855) European Turkey as the Theater of War between the Turks and the Russians. Paris: Gustava Barba. [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668540/.

MLA citation style:

Dufour, A.H. , Creator. European Turkey as the Theater of War between the Turks and the Russians. Paris: Gustava Barba, 1855. Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668540/>.