Top of page

Map Map of the Turkish Empire. Turcici Imperii Imago

About this Item


  • Map of the Turkish Empire.

Other Title

  • Turcici Imperii Imago


  • This map shows the Ottoman Empire as it appeared in the early 17th century. It details Ottoman territories in Asia, Africa, and Europe, and includes Persia, Transcaucasia, Ethiopia, and other surrounding lands. Topographic features, place-names, and populations are definitively marked, although the nomenclature of the time differs markedly from that used today. The Red Sea is termed the Sea of Mecca, for example, and the Persian Gulf is called the Sea of Alcatif. The map sometimes has been identified as a part of Atlas sive Cosmographicae Meditationes de Fabrica Mundi et Fabricati figura (Atlas of the world: finely engraved and drawn), produced by Jodocus Hondius following the work of Gerard Mercator. There is no evidence on the map itself to sustain that identification, nor is a date of publication supplied. Ottoman lands are hand-colored in red, except for the European territories. The vivid coloring is not contemporary with the production of the map and was probably added in the 19th century after Greece and the Balkan lands, which are not colored, were freed from Ottoman rule. Different lettering denotes different geographic and ethnographic features. Italics are generously used, and geometric shapes and shading are used to indicate mountain ranges and maritime littorals. The title cartouche indicates that Hondius, the supposed creator, based his map on Mercator's projection. The cartouche itself is of interest for its cameo portrait entitled "Sultan Mahumet Turcorum Imperat" (Sultan Muhammad Emperor of the Turks), probably meant to represent Sultan Mehmed II (1432-81), known as Mehmed the Conqueror.


  • Hondius, Jodocus, 1563-1612 Attributed Name.
  • Mercator, Gerhard, 1512-1594 Associated Name.

Created / Published

  • Amsterdam : Jodocus Hondius, [1600 to 1625]


  • -  Sudan
  • -  Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • -  Albania
  • -  Bulgaria
  • -  Croatia
  • -  Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • -  Greece
  • -  Hungary
  • -  Italy
  • -  Moldova
  • -  Montenegro
  • -  Romania
  • -  Russian Federation
  • -  Serbia
  • -  Slovenia
  • -  Ukraine
  • -  Armenia
  • -  Azerbaijan
  • -  Bahrain
  • -  Egypt
  • -  Georgia
  • -  Iraq
  • -  Israel
  • -  Jordan
  • -  Kuwait
  • -  Lebanon
  • -  Oman
  • -  Qatar
  • -  Saudi Arabia
  • -  Syrian Arab Republic
  • -  Turkey
  • -  United Arab Emirates
  • -  Yemen
  • -  1600 to 1625
  • -  Arabian Gulf
  • -  Arabian Peninsula
  • -  Balkan Peninsula
  • -  Mehmed II, Sultan of the Turks, 1432-1481
  • -  Ottoman Empire, 1288-1918
  • -  Persian Gulf


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 map : hand colored ; 34 x 47 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
  • -  Content in Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668591

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Hondius, Jodocus, Attributed Name, and Gerhard Mercator. Map of the Turkish Empire. [Amsterdam: Jodocus Hondius, to 1625, 1600] Map.

APA citation style:

Hondius, J. & Mercator, G. (1600) Map of the Turkish Empire. [Amsterdam: Jodocus Hondius, to 1625] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Hondius, Jodocus, Attributed Name, and Gerhard Mercator. Map of the Turkish Empire. [Amsterdam: Jodocus Hondius, to 1625, 1600] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.