Map Map of France's Post Offices. Carte particulière des postes de France

About this Item

Title

  • Map of France's Post Offices.

Other Title

  • Carte particulière des postes de France

Summary

  • Drawn by Alexis-Hubert Jaillot (circa 1632-1712) in 1690, the Carte particulière des postes de France (Particular map of the post offices of France) was preceded by the work of geographer Nicolas Sanson (1600--67), including his 1632 Carte géographique des Postes qui traversent la France (Geographical map of post offices throughout France). The evolution of the mapping of the postal network sheds light on various territorial choices stemming from political or economic requirements. This postal network was the first exchange system managed by the French monarchy within the boundaries of the territory of France. With the Edict of Luxies in 1464, Louis XI created relais de poste (roadhouse postal offices) and divided the horseback couriers of the king's stables into two groups: the courriers du cabinet, who were in charge of royal mail, and the postes assises, who later would become post masters, in charge of providing the horses. Depending on the roads, terrain, and topographical demands, the offices were between four and five leagues apart (16 to 20 kilometers). The network was made available to travelers in 1506 during the reign of Louis XII. Under Louis XIV, king of France in 1643-1715, centralization increased and the king sought to exercise greater control over the postal service for political and financial reasons. In 1672 he created the Ferme générale des Postes (General postal farm). The speed of the postal service was about seven kilometers per hour at the beginning of the 18th century. The relais de poste were done away with in 1873.

Contributor Names

  • Cordier, Louis, died 1711 Engraver.
  • Jaillot, Alexis-Hubert, approximately 1632-1712 Creator.

Created / Published

  • Paris : Alexis Hubert Jaillot, 1690.

Subject Headings

  • -  France
  • -  Germany
  • -  Luxembourg
  • -  Netherlands
  • -  1690
  • -  Postal service

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 map : colored tracing ; 67 x 62 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of France.
  • -  Content in French.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668595

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Cordier, Louis, Died 1711 Engraver, and Alexis-Hubert Jaillot. Map of France's Post Offices. Paris: Alexis Hubert Jaillot, 1690. Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668595/.

APA citation style:

Cordier, L. & Jaillot, A. (1690) Map of France's Post Offices. Paris: Alexis Hubert Jaillot. [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668595/.

MLA citation style:

Cordier, Louis, Died 1711 Engraver, and Alexis-Hubert Jaillot. Map of France's Post Offices. Paris: Alexis Hubert Jaillot, 1690. Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668595/>.