Top of page

Map Herat, Afghanistan.

About this Item


  • Herat, Afghanistan.


  • This beautifully rendered map of Herat dates from 1880, the final year of the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878--80). The map depicts Herat's impressive defenses and its roughly square plan. The southern and most imposing part of the citadel, "the Ark" (from the Persian arg, citadel) remains standing and is one of the major landmarks of Herat, as is the Friday Mosque (the Jumma Musjid in northeastern Herat). The defensive walls have long been replaced by spacious boulevards, however. Also noteworthy are the extensive vineyards that surround the city along with gardens and other cultivated land. The governor of Herat, Ayub Khan (1857--1914), was the son of the Afghan ruler Sher Ali Khan, who died in 1879 while seeking the assistance of the Russians against the British forces that had invaded Afghanistan. Sher Ali Khan was succeeded by another son, Mohammad Yaqub Khan (reigned February--October 1879), who adopted a conciliatory policy toward the British. Ayub Khan refused to recognize the conciliatory policies of his brother, and in August 1880 struck the British forces at Maiwand, near Kandahar (483 kilometers to the southeast of Herat, as the crow flies). After inflicting a serious defeat on the British forces, Ayub Khan proceeded to lay siege to Kandahar in an engagement known as the Battle of Kandahar, but was defeated in early September of the same year. At his defeat, Ayub Khan was forced to seek asylum in Persia. The Battle of Kandahar marked the end of the Second Anglo-Afghan war, and allowed the British to help consolidate the power of ʻAbd al-Rahman Khan (also called Abdur Rahman, reigned 1880--1901) as ruler of Afghanistan. The map was produced by the famous British mapmaker James Wyld the younger (1812-87). After studying at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, he joined his father's mapmaking and publishing firm, which he eventually inherited. Wyld published numerous maps, many of which were intended to satisfy public interest in current events, such as the Anglo-Afghan wars, the California Gold Rush, and the Crimean War. Wyld's maps were of high quality, and he was appointed geographer to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.


  • Wyld, James, 1812-1887 Creator.

Created / Published

  • London : James Wyld, 1880.


  • -  Afghanistan--Herāt--Herat
  • -  1880
  • -  Afghan Wars
  • -  Library of Congress Afghanistan Project


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Scale 1:12,000"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 map ; sheet 44 x 34 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries.
  • -  Content in English.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • American Geographical Society Library Digital Map Collection

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668603

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Wyld, James, Creator. Herat, Afghanistan. London: James Wyld, 1880. Map.

APA citation style:

Wyld, J. (1880) Herat, Afghanistan. London: James Wyld. [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Wyld, James, Creator. Herat, Afghanistan. London: James Wyld, 1880. Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.