Map Map of the Village of the Ottawa "Savages," at the Erie Strait, 1732. Plan du Village des Sauvages Outaouas, au Détroit Erié, 1732
About this Item
- Map of the Village of the Ottawa "Savages," at the Erie Strait, 1732.
- Plan du Village des Sauvages Outaouas, au Détroit Erié, 1732
- Detroit was founded in 1701 by a French trader, Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Cadillac, who built a fort on the Detroit River and named it Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit in honor of Louis Phélypeaux, Comte de Pontchartrain, the French navy minister. The British later shortened the name to Detroit ("strait"). Fort Pontchartrain was located near three Indian villages, one of which was the Ottawa village depicted here. The map shows the grid-like pattern in which communal houses known as wigwams were arranged. At the top of the map two houses are drawn in profile, and a note reads: "three and four fires in each hut and two and three families at each fire." Scale on the map is given in toises, an old French unit of measurement; one toise equals about 1.95 meters. When the Europeans first arrived in North America, the Ottawa (from a native word meaning to "trade," also seen as Odawa) lived along the Ottawa River in eastern Ontario and western Quebec. Samuel de Champlain recorded meeting them already in 1615. They later moved into parts of what are today Ohio and Michigan. The Ottawa played an important role in the fur trade with the French. They were generally allied with the Hurons and enemies of the Iroquois. In choosing the word "des sauvages" to denote the people of North America, Champlain did not mean "savages," but "forest dwellers" (from the Latin silva).
Created / Published
- [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1732.
- - United States of America--Michigan--Detroit
- - 1732
- - Architecture, Domestic
- - France in America
- - Great Lakes Region (North America)
- - Indian architecture
- - Indians of North America
- - Manuscript maps
- - New France
- - Ottawa Indians
- - Villages
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - Original resource extent: 1 drawing : pen, ink wash and watercolor ; 34.5 x 52 centimeters.
- - Original resource at: National Library of France.
- - Content in French.
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
Rights & Access
The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners
The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.
Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
More about Copyright and other Restrictions
For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.
For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Map of the Village of the Ottawa "Savages," at the Erie Strait. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1732] Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668645/.
APA citation style:
(1732) Map of the Village of the Ottawa "Savages," at the Erie Strait. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668645/.
MLA citation style:
Map of the Village of the Ottawa "Savages," at the Erie Strait. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1732] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668645/>.