Map Representation of the Turkish Empire. Turcici Imperii descriptio
About this Item
- Representation of the Turkish Empire.
- Turcici Imperii descriptio
- The Flemish geographer and scholar Abraham Ortelius (1527-98) published the first edition of his Theatrum orbis terrarum (Theater of the world) in 1570. It contained 53 maps, each with a detailed commentary. It was the first true atlas in the modern sense: a bound book of map plates and accompanying text specifically produced to give a uniform, complete presentation. More than 7,300 copies of the atlas appeared in 31 editions between 1570 and 1612 in various languages, including French, Dutch, English, German, Italian, Latin, and Spanish. Ortelius began to produce his own maps from about 1560. This map of the Turkish Empire, created in about 1570 and included in the atlas, covers the Middle East, from Egypt in the west to the Caspian Sea in the east, prominently featuring the Arabian Peninsula, and extending north of the Mediterranean from Turkey across Greece to Italy. It is based on Ortelius's 1567 map of Asia but has greater detail. That map in turn depended for information on Arabia on Giacomo Gastaldi's Il Disegno della Seconda Parte dell'Asia (1561). A description of the Kingdom of Ormus (present-day Hormuz) is given in space under the ornamental label "Regni Persiae pars, quod hodie a sophis gubernator" (Part of Persia, which today is governed by philosophers). Other labels also convey information or the wisdom of the day, as in the title cartouche, which bears the aphorism "Concordia parue res crescent, Discordia maxime dilabuntur" (Harmony enables things to grow, Discord brings the greatest to ruin). Some of the coastlines are fairly accurate, although the shape of the Arabian Gulf is distorted. The map is the best known of all the 16th-century maps of the Ottoman Empire.
- Gastaldi, Giacomo, 1500?-1565? Associated Name.
- Ortelius, Abraham, 1527-1598 Cartographer.
Created / Published
- [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1570.
- - 1570
- - Arabian Gulf
- - Arabian Peninsula
- - Black Sea
- - Caspian Sea
- - Ottoman Empire, 1288-1918
- - Persian Gulf
- - Red Sea
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - Original resource extent: 1 map : hand colored ; 37 x 48 centimeters.
- - Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
- - Content in Latin.
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library
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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Gastaldi, Giacomo, 1500?-1565? Associated Name, and Abraham Ortelius. Representation of the Turkish Empire. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1570] Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668700/.
APA citation style:
Gastaldi, G. & Ortelius, A. (1570) Representation of the Turkish Empire. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668700/.
MLA citation style:
Gastaldi, Giacomo, 1500?-1565? Associated Name, and Abraham Ortelius. Representation of the Turkish Empire. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1570] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668700/>.