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Map Turkish Empire. Tvrcicvm imperivm

About this Item


  • Turkish Empire.

Other Title

  • Tvrcicvm imperivm


  • This detailed map of the Turkish Empire at the height of its powers was produced in Amsterdam by Willem Janszoon Blaeu (1571-1638) in about 1635, when the Ottoman territories included the Balkans, Anatolia, the Levant, and parts of Hungary, Ukraine, North Africa and Arabia. The map centers on the eastern Mediterranean (marked Mare Syriacum, or Syrian Sea) and northern Arabia, and it extends from Italy in the west to the Black Sea and Caspian Sea in the north, the Persian Gulf in the east, and the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Aden in the south. A student of celebrated Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe, Blaeu was first known as an astronomer and maker of globes and other instruments before he became famed as a cartographer and publisher. He began producing maps and charts in the first years of the 17th century. A considerable rivalry developed between Blaeu and fellow Amsterdam cartographers and partners Johannes Janssonius and Jodocus Hondius, the younger. When Hondius died in 1629, his widow nevertheless sold the Mercator-Hondius copperplates to Blaeu rather than passing them to the firm of Hondius and Janssonius. Blaeu adapted and used these plates in his first atlas, the Atlantis Appendix, published in 1630, and in his Theatrum Orbis Terrarum sive Atlas Novus (New map and atlas of the world), published in 1635, of which this map formed part. A decorative title cartouche shows a seated sultan with two supporters flourishing weapons. Two sailing ships appear in the Arabian Sea above a scale in German common miles. Text in Spanish on the verso is on the early history of the Turkish Empire. Willem Janzoon died before the completion of his next great project, realized by his son Joan Blaeu (1596-1673). This was the Atlas Major (or Maior), the largest and most splendid of 17th-century world atlases, published in 1662, in 11 volumes with almost 600 double-page maps and more than 3,000 pages of text.


  • Blaeu, Joan, 1596-1673 Contributor.
  • Blaeu, Willem Janszoon, 1571-1638 Cartographer.

Created / Published

  • Amsterdam : Joan Blaeu, 1635.


  • -  Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • -  Albania
  • -  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • -  Bulgaria
  • -  Croatia
  • -  Cyprus
  • -  Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • -  Greece
  • -  Hungary
  • -  Italy
  • -  Moldova
  • -  Romania
  • -  Serbia
  • -  Slovenia
  • -  Armenia
  • -  Azerbaijan
  • -  Egypt
  • -  Georgia
  • -  Iraq
  • -  Israel
  • -  Jordan
  • -  Kuwait
  • -  Lebanon
  • -  Oman
  • -  Qatar
  • -  Saudi Arabia
  • -  Syrian Arab Republic
  • -  Turkey
  • -  United Arab Emirates
  • -  Yemen
  • -  1635
  • -  Arabian Gulf
  • -  Arabian Peninsula
  • -  Black Sea
  • -  Caspian Sea
  • -  Mediterranean Region
  • -  Ottoman Empire, 1288-1918
  • -  Persian Gulf
  • -  Red Sea


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Scale approximately 1:11,000,000"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 map : black-and-white ; 39 x 49.8 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
  • -  Content in Latin.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668711

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Blaeu, Joan, Contributor, and Willem Janszoon Blaeu. Turkish Empire. Amsterdam: Joan Blaeu, 1635. Map.

APA citation style:

Blaeu, J. & Blaeu, W. J. (1635) Turkish Empire. Amsterdam: Joan Blaeu. [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Blaeu, Joan, Contributor, and Willem Janszoon Blaeu. Turkish Empire. Amsterdam: Joan Blaeu, 1635. Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.