Photo, Print, Drawing Winds of the Four Directions.

About this Item

Title

  • Winds of the Four Directions.

Summary

  • This oracle bone from around 1200 B.C. contains 24 characters in four groups in a vigorous and strong style, typical of the Bin group of diviners in the reign of Wu Ding (circa 1200-1189 B.C.). It records the gods of the four directions and of the four winds. The winds of the four directions reflect the spring and autumn equinoxes, the summer and winter solstices, and the changes of the four seasons. The four winds are the east wind, called Xie; the south wind, called Wei; the west wind, called Yi (second tone in Mandarin); and the north wind, called Yi (first tone in Mandarin). They constitute the independent standard seasonal system devised by the Yin people, and were an important basis for the calendar and the determination of intercalary months. This item is from a collection of 35,651 specimens of plastrons and bones in the National Library of China, constituting one-fourth of all oracle bones discovered to date, and considered to be the finest collection in China.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1200 B.C. to 1180 B.C.]

Headings

  • -  China--Henan Province--Anyang
  • -  1200 B.C. to 1180 B.C
  • -  Gods, Chinese
  • -  Inscriptions, Chinese
  • -  Oracle bones
  • -  Seasons

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 piece; 26 x 16 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of China.
  • -  Content in Chinese.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Rubbings of Inscriptions on Metal and Stone

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668757

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Winds of the Four Directions. Anyang China Henan Province, 1200. [place of publication not identified: publisher not identified, B.C. to 1180 B.C] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668757/.

APA citation style:

(1200) Winds of the Four Directions. Anyang China Henan Province, 1200. [place of publication not identified: publisher not identified, B.C. to 1180 B.C] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668757/.

MLA citation style:

Winds of the Four Directions. [place of publication not identified: publisher not identified, B.C. to 1180 B.C] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668757/>.