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Photo, Print, Drawing One Hundred Aspects of the Moon.

About this Item


  • One Hundred Aspects of the Moon.


  • Tsuki hyakushi (One hundred aspects of the moon) is a collection of large, moon-themed nishiki-e (multicolored woodblock prints) by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1839-92). The 100 prints were published in batches by Akiyama Buemon between 1885 and 1892. They depict various aspects of the moon, drawing upon Japanese and Chinese anecdotes, historical events, and mythology, and relate to a wide range of subjects, including famous warriors, notable women, birds and animals, and goblins and ghosts. The third picture, for example, depicts the warlord Cao Cao (155--220), famous as the main character in Sanguozhi Tongsu Yanyi (Romance of the Three Kingdoms), gazing at a full moon on the night before the Battle of Red Cliffs. The tenth picture shows Murasaki Shikibu (born circa 978) at a mountain temple, deep in thought while looking at the moon. It is said that the idea for Genji Monogatari (The tale of Genji), came to Murasaki while she was looking at a full moon from a temple. This document is a folding book consisting of all 100 prints from Tsuki hyakushi and two indexes that were created after the series was completed. It is believed to have been bound by its former owner. A preface that was written at the same time as the indexes were compiled is not included in the book. Scholars believe that the order of the pictures in the album does not follow the order in which they were published, but instead their order in the indexes, although there are some variations. Tsukioka Yoshitoshi was an ukiyo-e artist from the school of Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1797--1861), active from the Bakumatsu (final years of the Shogunate) into the Meiji Period. He created a wide range of works, including bijin-ga (pictures of beautiful women), fuzoku-ga (pictures of manners and customs), and pictures of historical and literary characters. Completed in the year that he died, this series is highly regarded as the masterpiece of his later years.


  • Chokuzan Engraver.
  • Esen Engraver.
  • Noguchi, Enkatsu Engraver.
  • Tsukioka, Yoshitoshi, 1839-1892 Artist.
  • Yamamoto Engraver.
  • Yoshihisa Engraver.

Created / Published

  • Tokyo, Japan : Akiyama Buemon, [1885 to 1892]


  • -  China
  • -  Japan
  • -  1885 to 1892
  • -  Art, Japanese
  • -  Moon
  • -  Ukiyo-e
  • -  Woodcuts


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 book ; 36 x 24.3 centimeters.
  • -  Reference extracted from World Digital Library: John Stevenson, Yoshitoshi's One Hundred Aspects of the Moon (Leiden: Hotei Publishing, 2001).|Iwakiri Yuriko, Yoshitoshi Tuki Hyakushi (Tokyo: Tokyodo Shuppan, 2010).
  • -  Original resource at: National Diet Library.
  • -  Content in Japanese.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • One Hundred Aspects of the Moon

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668853

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Chokuzan Engraver, Esen Engraver, Enkatsu Engraver Noguchi, Yoshitoshi Tsukioka, Yamamoto Engraver, and Yoshihisa Engraver. One Hundred Aspects of the Moon. Japan China, 1885. [Tokyo, Japan: Akiyama Buemon, to 1892] Photograph.

APA citation style:

Chokuzan Engraver, Esen Engraver, Noguchi, E. E., Tsukioka, Y., Yamamoto Engraver & Yoshihisa Engraver. (1885) One Hundred Aspects of the Moon. Japan China, 1885. [Tokyo, Japan: Akiyama Buemon, to 1892] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Chokuzan Engraver, et al. One Hundred Aspects of the Moon. [Tokyo, Japan: Akiyama Buemon, to 1892] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.