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Photo, Print, Drawing Zhan gou 26 hao qiao 战沟26号桥

About this Item


  • Zhan gou 26 hao qiao

Other Title

  • 战沟26号桥

Translated Title

  • The Number 26 Zhan'gou Bridge


  • This photograph shows the Zhan'gou Bridge, a bridge with five arches located on the Jing-Zhang (or Beijing-Zhangjiakou) railroad line. Arches were used in bridge construction to minimize damage to the bridges caused by the pounding of river waves during floods. The high mountains seen in the background suggest the difficulty of building a railway in this area. Several torn posters can be seen on the side wall of the bridge. The photograph is from Jing-Zhang lu gong cuo ying (Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway construction), an album issued in 1909 to mark the opening of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway (formerly known as the Imperial Peking-Kalgan Railway), the first railroad in China designed, built, and financed by the Chinese, without foreign involvement. The photographs in the album were taken between 1905 and 1909 by the Tongsheng Photo Studio of Shanghai. The construction had three phases: the first line, from Fengtai to Nankou, was completed in September 1906. The second line, from Nankou to Kangzhuang, was completed in September 1908. The third part of the railroad, from Kangzhuang to Zhangjiakou, was finished in September 1909. The total length of the line, from Fengtai in Beijing to Zhangjiakou, was about 200 kilometers. The two-volume album depicts scenes along the railroad, including its main sections, railway stations, factory buildings, locomotives, bridges, and tunnels and culverts, as well as scenes of laborers at work during the construction and of the festivities celebrating the opening of the railway. Views and scenic spots at various stops along the line are clearly depicted, and provide a complete and systematic overview of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou railway at the time. Presented here is volume one.


  • Tongsheng Photo Studio (Firm) Photographer

Created / Published

  • Shanghai : Tongsheng Photo Studio (Firm), [1905 to 1909]


  • -  China--Beijing--Dongyuan
  • -  1905 to 1909
  • -  Description and travel
  • -  Jing-Zhang (Beijing-Zhangjiakou) Railway (China)
  • -  Mountains
  • -  Railroad bridges
  • -  Railroad employees
  • -  Railroad handcars
  • -  Railroad tracks
  • -  Railroads


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 photograph ; 27 x 21 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of China.
  • -  Content in Chinese.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
  • -  Title revised per Asian Division.--cc28 2023-01-06


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Photographs of the Jing-Zhang Railway Construction

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668887

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Tongsheng Photo Studio Photographer. Zhan Gou 26 Hao Qiao. Beijing China Dongyuan, 1905. [Shanghai: Tongsheng Photo Studio Firm, to 1909] Photograph.

APA citation style:

Tongsheng Photo Studio Photographer. (1905) Zhan Gou 26 Hao Qiao. Beijing China Dongyuan, 1905. [Shanghai: Tongsheng Photo Studio Firm, to 1909] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Tongsheng Photo Studio Photographer. Zhan Gou 26 Hao Qiao. [Shanghai: Tongsheng Photo Studio Firm, to 1909] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.