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Photo, Print, Drawing A Battle Near Borzhimov.

About this Item


  • A Battle Near Borzhimov.


  • This print showing an intense close-combat battle surrounding a large artillery gun near Borzymów, Poland is from the collection of World War I lubok posters held at the British Library. The caption explains: "Starting December 20, the enemy launched a strong offensive along the Borzhimov-Bolimov line, concentrating considerable forces on the right bank of the Ravka River. In a series of attacks, the Germans tried to dislodge our troops from their positions. On the night of December 20, after fierce and persistent artillery firing throughout the day, dense columns of Germans attacked our trenches with bayonets. Our guns fired, sweeping away entire rows of the enemy and covering the battlefield with corpses. Despite heavy losses, the Germans persistently moved forward, supported by reserves. The moment arrived when we had to respond with hand-to-hand fighting. Our regiments, despite the advantage of the enemy forces, left the trenches and moved toward the enemy. A fierce fight ensued, which lasted for about an hour. German artillery and machine guns rattled continuously, merging into one general roar. Like steel lava, our regiments moved forward. The enemy did not expect to meet with such strong resistance, and began to retreat." This picture, like many others in the collection, was printed in the Moscow printing house of Ivan Sytin (1851--1934). By the 1880s, Sytin was the most popular and successful publisher of lubok pictures in Russia. He also published cheap popular books for workers and peasants, textbooks, and literature for children. The quality of this print is much better than many images from other printing houses--more colors and shades are neatly matched and more small details are available for the viewer. Lubok is a Russian word for popular prints created from woodcuts, engravings, etchings, or later, by using lithography. The prints were often characterized by simple, colorful graphics depicting a narrative, and could also include text. During World War I, lubok informed Russians about events on the frontlines, bolstered morale, and served as propaganda against enemy combatants.

Created / Published

  • Moscow : K. A. Filatov Publishing House, [1914 to 1915]


  • -  Germany
  • -  Poland--Świętokrzyskie--Borzymów
  • -  Russian Federation
  • -  1914-12-20
  • -  Artillery (Weaponry)
  • -  Battles
  • -  Germany. Army
  • -  Lubok (Narrative art prints)
  • -  Russia. Army
  • -  Soldiers
  • -  War casualties
  • -  War posters
  • -  World War, 1914-1918


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource at: The British Library.
  • -  Content in Russian.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • World War I

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021669180

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

A Battle Near Borzhimov. Russian Federation Borzymów Poland Germany Świętokrzyskie, 1914. [Moscow: K. A. Filatov Publishing House, to 1915] Photograph.

APA citation style:

(1914) A Battle Near Borzhimov. Russian Federation Borzymów Poland Germany Świętokrzyskie, 1914. [Moscow: K. A. Filatov Publishing House, to 1915] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

A Battle Near Borzhimov. [Moscow: K. A. Filatov Publishing House, to 1915] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.