Photo, Print, Drawing Two Opium Smokers on Java. Twee opiumschuivers op Java

About this Item

Title

  • Two Opium Smokers on Java.

Other Title

  • Twee opiumschuivers op Java

Summary

  • This carte-de-visite photograph shows two opium smokers on the island of Java. Opium smoking was introduced into Java by the Dutch, who established a major port at Batavia (present-day Jakarta) and imported Indian-grown opium for local sale and later for re-export to China. Opium smoking was at first mainly a part of social life among Javanese upper classes, but in the 19th century it increasingly spread to the laborers who served the expanding colonial economy. The photograph was taken by the firm of Woodbury & Page, which was established by the British photographers Walter Bentley Woodbury and James Page in 1857, and specialized in portraits, ethnographic images, and photographs of life in the Dutch East Indies. The photograph is from the collections of the KITLV/Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies in Leiden.

Contributor Names

  • Page, James Photographer.
  • Woodbury, Walter B. (Walter Bentley), 1834-1885 Photographer.

Created / Published

  • Java : Woodbury & Page, 1867.

Subject Headings

  • -  Indonesia--Java
  • -  1867
  • -  Group portraits
  • -  Opium
  • -  Portrait photographs

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 10.5 x 6 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and the Caribbean Studies KITLV.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021669841

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Page, James Photographer, and Walter B Woodbury. Two Opium Smokers on Java. Indonesia Java, 1867. Java: Woodbury & Page. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021669841/.

APA citation style:

Page, J. P. & Woodbury, W. B. (1867) Two Opium Smokers on Java. Indonesia Java, 1867. Java: Woodbury & Page. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021669841/.

MLA citation style:

Page, James Photographer, and Walter B Woodbury. Two Opium Smokers on Java. Java: Woodbury & Page. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021669841/>.