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Photo, Print, Drawing Relieving Guard at the Vatican.

About this Item

Title

  • Relieving Guard at the Vatican.

Summary

  • This pencil caricature depicts King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and Napoleon III as soldiers changing guard, while Pope Pius IX peers around the corner. The caricature relates to the intricate maneuvering in the mid-19th century among France, Austria, the Papal States, and Italian nationalists that preceded the unification of Italy. French and Austrian troops had been in Rome to protect the Papal States since 1850, when Pius IX began to fear the rise of anti-papal nationalists. In 1858, the Sardinians entered into an agreement with Napoleon III to fight Austria for the regions of Lombardy and Venetia -- one of the first wars of Italian unification. The drawing is almost certainly from early 1858, before Napoleon III entered into a separate agreement with the Austrian king that circumvented Victor Emmanuel. The caricature, which was published in Punch on October 8, 1864, is signed and dated by John Tenniel (1820-1914), a British illustrator. Tenniel was recognized as a gifted political cartoonist, but is best known for his illustrations for the original Alice in Wonderland. The drawing is from the Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection at the Brown University Library, the foremost American collection devoted to the history and iconography of soldiers and soldiering, and one of the world's largest collections devoted to the study of military and naval uniforms.

Names

  • Tenniel, John, 1820-1914 Artist.

Created / Published

  • London : [publisher not identified], [1860 to 1869]

Headings

  • -  France
  • -  Italy
  • -  Vatican City
  • -  1815 to 1870
  • -  Caricatures and cartoons
  • -  Kings and rulers
  • -  Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, 1808-1873
  • -  Pius IX, Pope, 1792-1878
  • -  Soldiers
  • -  Vatican Palace (Vatican City)
  • -  Victor Emmanuel II, King of Italy, 1820-1878

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 drawing; 17 x 25.3 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: Brown University Library.
  • -  Content in English.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021669865

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Tenniel, John, Artist. Relieving Guard at the Vatican. France Vatican City Italy, 1860. [London: Publisher Not Identified, to 1869] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021669865/.

APA citation style:

Tenniel, J. (1860) Relieving Guard at the Vatican. France Vatican City Italy, 1860. [London: Publisher Not Identified, to 1869] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021669865/.

MLA citation style:

Tenniel, John, Artist. Relieving Guard at the Vatican. [London: Publisher Not Identified, to 1869] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021669865/>.