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Photo, Print, Drawing Merchants' Exchange.

About this Item


  • Merchants' Exchange.


  • This lithograph shows the view looking northeast from the intersection of Dock, Third, and Walnut Streets in Philadelphia to the Merchants' Exchange. Built between 1832 and 1833 to the designs of William Strickland (1788--1854), the exchange functioned as a commercial and financial hub and post office and was the first large central building in Philadelphia for the conduct of business. Men are seen walking around and horse-drawn omnibuses arrive at and are parked in front of the building. Light pedestrian traffic is visible in the street and at the corners, including near the office of the Saturday Courier. The print also shows streetcar tracks in the foreground and another omnibus passing Girard National Bank (formerly the First Bank of the United States) in the background. The illustration is by John Caspar Wild (circa 1804--46), a Swiss-born artist and lithographer, who arrived in Philadelphia from Paris in 1832. He produced paintings and prints of Philadelphia and other American cities, including Cincinnati, Saint Louis, and Davenport, Iowa. His works are important historical records of these cities before the era of large-scale industrialization and rapid urban growth.


  • Bowen, John T., circa 1801-1856? Printer.
  • Wild, J. C. (John Caspar), circa 1804-1846 Artist.

Created / Published

  • Philadelphia : J.T. Bowen, 1840.


  • -  United States of America--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
  • -  1838
  • -  Carriages and carts
  • -  Horse-drawn vehicles
  • -  Lithographs
  • -  Merchants
  • -  Merchants' Exchange (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • -  Merchants' exchanges
  • -  Neoclassicism (Architecture)
  • -  Street scenes


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  "Originally published as plate 14 in Views of Philadelphia, and Its Vicinity (Philadelphia: Published by J.C. Wild & J.B. Chevalier, Lithographers, 72 Dock Street, 1838). The lithographic stones for the views were acquired by John T. Bowen, who later reissued them with hand coloring. He copyrighted this view in 1840.|Digital catalog number: POS 472.4"--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 print : lithograph, hand-colored ; 16 x 19 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: The Library Company of Philadelphia.
  • -  Content in English.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • Philadelphia on Stone

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021670361

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Bowen, John T., Circa ? Printer, and J. C Wild. Merchants' Exchange. Pennsylvania United States of America Philadelphia, 1840. Philadelphia: J.T. Bowen. Photograph.

APA citation style:

Bowen, J. T. & Wild, J. C. (1840) Merchants' Exchange. Pennsylvania United States of America Philadelphia, 1840. Philadelphia: J.T. Bowen. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Bowen, John T., Circa ? Printer, and J. C Wild. Merchants' Exchange. Philadelphia: J.T. Bowen. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.