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Photo, Print, Drawing The Big Parade. La grande parade / The Big Parade

About this Item


  • The Big Parade.

Other Title

  • La grande parade / The Big Parade


  • This political cartoon was created in 1932 by Alois Derso (1888--1964) and Emery Kelen (1896--1978). Derso and Kelen were Hungarians who worked for the League of Nations in Geneva, where they were renowned for their satirical portrayals of the League and its conferences. "The Big Parade" concerns the 1932 Geneva Conference for the Reduction and Limitation of Armaments. It shows a procession of politicians rushing across the page in comical versions of their national costumes. Adolf Hitler of Germany, Prime Minister Saitō of Japan, and Prime Minister Pierre Laval of France, whose countries were all regarded as opposed, for different reasons, to disarmament, are depicted seated on a dirigible throwing flowers down on the passing parade. Italian dictator Benito Mussolini is dressed as an ancient Roman emperor, holding a banner with the imperial motto, SPQR (Latin Senatus Populusque Romanus, the Senate and People of Rome), an allusion to his ambitions to restore modern Italy to the glories of ancient Rome. Other figures shown include British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald; British diplomat Viscount Robert Cecil; U.S. Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson; Polish leader Józef Piłsudski; and Soviet foreign minister Maxim Litvinov. The key at the bottom, in French, indicates the names and countries of the persons depicted. The cartoon is from the archives of the League of Nations, which are preserved at the United Nations Office in Geneva. They were inscribed on the UNESCO Memory of the World register in 2010.


  • Derso, Alois, 1888-1964 Illustrator.
  • Kelen, Emery, 1896-1978 Illustrator.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1932.


  • -  1932
  • -  Caricatures and cartoons
  • -  Cecil of Chelwood, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount, 1864-1958
  • -  Disarmament
  • -  Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945
  • -  Laval, Pierre, 1883-1945
  • -  League of Nations
  • -  Litvinov, M. M. (Maksim Maksimovich), 1876-1951
  • -  Macdonald, James Ramsay, 1866-1937
  • -  Memory of the World
  • -  Mussolini, Benito, 1883-1945
  • -  Piłsudski, Józef, 1867-1935
  • -  Politics and government
  • -  Saitō, Makoto, 1858-1936
  • -  Satires (Visual works)
  • -  Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950
  • -  World War, 1914-1918


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 35 x 49.9 centimeters.
  • -  Reference extracted from World Digital Library: Emery Kelen, Peace in Their Time: Men Who Led Us in and Out of War (New York: Knopf, 1963). League of Nations, Materials from the League of Nations Archives on Disarmament,"Caricatures of the World Disarmament Conference," External
  • -  Original resource at: United Nations Office at Geneva Library.
  • -  Content in English and French.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • League of Nations Archives

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021670580

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Derso, Alois, Illustrator, and Emery Kelen. The Big Parade. , 1932. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] Photograph.

APA citation style:

Derso, A. & Kelen, E. (1932) The Big Parade. , 1932. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Derso, Alois, Illustrator, and Emery Kelen. The Big Parade. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.