Photo, Print, Drawing Nipissing Indian in Canada, 1717. Sauväge Nepisingue en Canada 1717

About this Item

Title

  • Nipissing Indian in Canada, 1717.

Other Title

  • Sauväge Nepisingue en Canada 1717

Summary

  • This hand-colored print dating from 1717 shows a Nipissing warrior, armed with bow and arrows, wearing moccasins, clothed in a tunic and cape obtained from the Europeans, and covered in tattoos. The French in Canada, priests in particular, found native tattoos repellent for religious reasons having to do with the sanctity of the human body. The Nipissing are an Algonquin people, first encountered by the French in 1613. Beginning in the early 1600s, the French formed alliances and developed friendships with a number of Indian tribes, including the Montagnais, Algonquin, Etchimin, and Micmac peoples. Their most important allies were the Huron. Following the defeat in 1648--50 of the Huron confederation by the Iroquois, the French worked to consolidate a vast native league that brought together the Nipissing, the Ottawa, Ojibwa (Chippewa), Potowatomi, Mascouten, Fox, Kickapoo, Winnebago, Sauk, Miami, and Illinois tribes. This major diplomatic effort culminated in the Great Peace of Montreal of 1701 between France and between 30 and 40 Indian tribes (referred to in Canada as First Nations).

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1717.

Headings

  • -  Canada
  • -  1717
  • -  Algonquin Indians
  • -  Bow and arrow
  • -  France in America
  • -  Indians of North America
  • -  Indigenous peoples
  • -  New France
  • -  Nipissing Indians
  • -  Portrait paintings
  • -  Portraits
  • -  Tattooing

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 watercolor ; 23 x 18 centimeters.
  • -  Reference extracted from World Digital Library: Arnaud Balvay, "Tattooing and Its Role in French-Native Relations in the Eighteenth Century," French Colonial History 9 (2008): 1-14.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of France.
  • -  Content in French.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021670772

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Nipissing Indian in Canada. Canada, 1717. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021670772/.

APA citation style:

(1717) Nipissing Indian in Canada. Canada, 1717. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021670772/.

MLA citation style:

Nipissing Indian in Canada. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021670772/>.