Photo, Print, Drawing Portrait of Sheikh Ibrahim of al-Zubayr.
About this Item
- Portrait of Sheikh Ibrahim of al-Zubayr.
- This photograph is from a collection of 65 projectable lantern slides relating to the Arab Revolt of 1916-18, an important theater of operations during World War I. By supporting the revolt against Ottoman Rule, the British sought to weaken the Ottoman Empire, which was aligned with Germany and Austria-Hungary. For their part, the Arabs hoped to secure independence and create a unified empire embracing the region from Aleppo, Syria to Aden, Yemen. The photographs depict many of the protagonists in this political and military struggle, including Colonel T.E. Lawrence of the British army and the British explorer and agent Harry Saint John Philby, as well as members of the house of Hashim Faisal bin Hussein and Abdullah bin Hussein, the key tribal leaders who led the revolt, and other prominent Arab leaders such as Dhari ibn Tawala of the Aslam Shammar and Sheikh Ibrahim of al-Zubayr. Other photographs depict unidentified Western agents and Arab tribal leaders. One of the women shown in the photographs most likely is Gertrude Bell of the British Military Intelligence Department. She played a key role in organizing the revolt and in gaining the support of Arab leaders. Other photographs depict desert scenes, Bedouin encampments in the Arabian Peninsula, and settlements along the riverbanks of the Shatt al-Arab. The diversity of settings reflects the fact that the Arab tribal confederations involved in the revolt included those from the heart of Arabia as well as those from the villages of Iraq. Some of the pictures most likely were postcards or reproductions and may have originated from the Basra Venus Photo Studio, which produced many views of the Shatt al-Arab. The photographs also include images of everyday village life, peasants with their laden donkeys, boat crews sailing the canals, and villagers in the marketplace. Also present are a few pictures representing religious and civil buildings. The collection was probably assembled for a lecture. The A.H. Roberts mentioned on the cover of the box containing the slides is most likely Lieutenant A.H. Roberts, the British assistant and political officer in al-Zubayr, a city located southwest of Basra, at the time of the British military occupation of Iraq. Lieutenant A.H. Roberts is mentioned by Saint John Philby in his The Heart of Arabia, when he describes his presence in al-Zubayr: "... by nightfall I was deposited at the door of the Assistant Political Officer of Zubair, Lieutenant A. H. Roberts, with whom I proceeded at once to the Shaikh's residence, whither we had been bidden for dinner." As reported in the same work, in 1917 a number of Arab tribal leaders gathered in al-Zubayr with British agents and officials to discuss the revolt.
Created / Published
- [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [1915 to 1920]
- - Iraq--Al Basrah
- - 1915 to 1920
- - Arab countries -- History -- Arab Revolt, 1916-1918
- - Clothing and dress
- - Headdresses
- - Portrait photographs
- - Tribal chiefs
- - World War, 1914-1918
- - Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
- - "Sheikh Ibrahim of al-Zubayr participated in the organization of the Arab Revolt, helping Saint John Philby in putting together the leading tribal chiefs. In his book The Heart of Arabia, Philby says that "... the desert alliance in this sector [i.e. Mesopotamia] was formally completed with the inclusion of Ibrahim, Shaikh of Zubayr, as the guide, philosopher and friend of all parties concerned." The author further points out that "In him the British cause has a friend who has never wavered in his allegiance.""--Note extracted from World Digital Library.
- - Original resource extent: 1 photograph : lantern slide, glass plate ; 9 x 10 centimeters.
- - Reference extracted from World Digital Library: Harry St. John Bridger Philby, The Heart of Arabia: A Record of Travel and Exploration (London: Constable, 1922).
- - Original resource at: Qatar National Library.
- - Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.
- 1 online resource.
- Lt. Roberts Middle Eastern Magic Lantern Slides Collection
Library of Congress Control Number
- compressed data
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Portrait of Sheikh Ibrahim of al-Zubayr. Iraq Al Basrah, 1915. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1920] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021670983/.
APA citation style:
(1915) Portrait of Sheikh Ibrahim of al-Zubayr. Iraq Al Basrah, 1915. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1920] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021670983/.
MLA citation style:
Portrait of Sheikh Ibrahim of al-Zubayr. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, to 1920] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021670983/>.