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Photo, Print, Drawing Duelo en La Morisma, Bracho, Zacatecas, Mexico

[ original digital file ]

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About this Item


  • Duelo en La Morisma, Bracho, Zacatecas, Mexico


  • Ríos Szalay, Adalberto, photographer

Created / Published

  • 2007-09-01.


  • -  Mexico--Zacatecas--Bracho
  • -  Celebrations
  • -  Duels
  • -  Enactment
  • -  Popular
  • -  Staging
  • -  Theaters
  • -  Traditional


  • Digital photographs--Color--2000-2010.


  • Digital photographs--Color--2000-2010


  • -  Title, date, notes, and keywords based on information provided by the photographer.
  • -  La morisma is a theatrical performance with origins in the colonial era that brings together crowds of participants belonging to the brotherhood of San Juan Bautista, which includes women and men, for 3 days in August. The brothers are prepared to learn long and complex dialogues, the main roles require many years of participation. Morismas were a way to spread Christianity. Over the years indigenous elements were incorporated to those of Spanish origin. Morisma was banned along with bullfighting in 1832 as it was considered harmful, but it was re-enacted with interruptions only during the 1910-1921 revolution and the period of religious persecution. The dances of Moors and Christians are celebrated throughout Mexico, but there is nothing comparable to the spectacular Zacatecan Morisma that is celebrated in Bracho, a neighboring town of the city of Zacatecas with hills and open land. The scenes, dialogues, choreography and costumes of the Morisma are mixtures of characters regardless of their different origins and periods, such as Charlemagne Philip II John of Austria and Caliphs gathered in a peculiar space without time or concerns about historical accuracy. The libretto indicates a first challenge in which Fierabras of Constantinople challenges Charlemagne, a challenge that is accepted by the knight Olivares, a member of his troops. The performance includes a first Christian victory followed by a Muslim triumph and final defeat when the head of the Moorish king is displayed.
  • -  Note in Spanish: La morisma es una representacion teatral con origenes en la epoca virreinal que reune durante 3 dias de agosto a multitudes de participantes pertenecientes a la cofradia de San Juan Bautista que incluye mujeres y hombres. Los cofrades se preparan para aprender largos y complejos dialogos los papeles principales requieren de muchos años de participacion. Las morismas fueron una manera de difundir el cristianismo. Con el paso de los años se incorporaron elementos indigenas a los de origen español. La morisma fue prohibida junto con las corridas de toros en 1832 por considerarla perjudicial pero se volvio a representar con interrupciones solo durante la revolucion de 1910-1921 y el periodo de la persecucion religiosa. Las danzas de moros y cristianos se celebran por todo méxico pero no hay nada comparable a la espectacular morisma zacatecana que se celebra en bracho poblacion vecina de la ciudad de zacatecas con lomerios y descampado. Las escenas dialogos coreografias y el vestuario de la morisma son mezclas de personajes sin importar sus diferentes origenes y epocas como carlomagno felipe ii juan de austria y califas reunidos en un peculiar espacio sin tiempo ni preocupaciones por la precision historica. El libreto indica un primer reto en el que fierabras de constantinopla reta a carlomagno reto que es aceptado por el caballero olivares integrante de sus tropas. La representacion incluye una primera victoria cristiana seguido por un triunfo musulman y su derrota final cuando se exhibe la cabeza del rey moro.
  • -  Purchase; Adalberto Rios Szalay; 2014; (DLC/PP-2014:144).


  • 1 photograph : digital, tiff file, color.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • LC-DIG-ppbd- 03274 [P&P]

Source Collection

  • Tres Rios photograph collection (Library of Congress)


  • Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2022686477

Reproduction Number

  • LC-DIG-ppbd-03274 (original digital file)

Rights Advisory

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

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  • Rights Advisory: Publication may be restricted. For information see "Tres Ríos photograph collection,"
  • Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-ppbd-03274 (original digital file)
  • Call Number: LC-DIG-ppbd- 03274 [P&P]
  • Access Advisory: ---

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Ríos Szalay, Adalberto, photographer. Duelo en La Morisma, Bracho, Zacatecas, Mexico. Zacatecas Mexico Bracho, 2007. -09-01. Photograph.

APA citation style:

Ríos Szalay, A., photographer. (2007) Duelo en La Morisma, Bracho, Zacatecas, Mexico. Zacatecas Mexico Bracho, 2007. -09-01. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Ríos Szalay, Adalberto, photographer. Duelo en La Morisma, Bracho, Zacatecas, Mexico. -09-01. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.