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Photo, Print, Drawing [American Red Cross activities in Italy, 1917-1919]

About this Item


  • [American Red Cross activities in Italy, 1917-1919]


  • Photographs document the activities of the American Red Cross in Italy from 1917 to 1919. Images focus on American Red Cross hospitals, soup kitchens, canteens, refugee homes and stations, ouvoirs (workrooms), clothing and gift distribution, children's homes, health centers, creches (day nurseries), infirmaries, factories, warehouses, and ambulances. Also includes scenes of daily life in cities, towns and villages and war damage. Many images show American Red Cross work with American and Italian soldiers at the Italian front lines, American Red Cross staff and visiting American officials. The following locations in Italy are depicted: Arce, Anguillara, Ancona, Anzio, Asolo, Assisi, Atripalda, Ariccia, Atripalda, Avellino (Quadrali), Avezzano, Bagnara, Bagni, Bajiano, Belluno, Bologna, Bolsena, Borgo Tonaro (Borgotaro), Bubano, Cagliari, Calabria, Canicattini, Capri, Cesenatico, Chiaravalle, Chioggia, Cittanova, Collestrada, Como, Conegliano, Fiesole, Florence, Foligno, Genova, Gioia Tauro, Grottaferatta (Grotto Ferrata), "Italian Front," Leghorn, Livenza, Lucca, Luino, Marta, Messina, Milan (including neighborhood of Affori), Monte Grappa, Monsanvito, Monteforte, Mondello, Montello, Montepenzio, Monteporzio, Monterosi, Naples, Nettuno, Oderzo, Padua, Palermo, Palmi, Partanna (Palermo), Passignano, Perugia, Piacenza, Pieve, Piperno, Pisa, Pontano, Pontine Marshes, Pordenone, Reggio Calabria, Radicena, Rimini, Riofreddo, Rocca Gorga (Roccagorga), Rome, Ronciglione, Santa Marinella, Sacile, Saigarido, Salgaredo, San Fermo (Como), San Giovanni, San Stino di Livenza, San Giovanni, Sant'Oreste, Santa Marinella, Santa Maria degli Angeli (Perugia), Sardinia, Scylla (Scilla), Serravalle, Sicily, Sonnino, Spoleto, Spreziano (Spresiano), Tagliamento, Taormina, Telese, Telleferica (Teleferica), Terracina, Tivoli, Tolfa, Trent (Trento), Trevi, Trieste,Turin,Tuscania, Varedo, Velletri, Venice, Vicenza, Villa San Giovanni (Calabria), Villa Sassi, Villafranca, and Vittorio Veneto. Highlights include: A ceremony at the Victor Emmanuel monument, Rome, featuring the Crown Prince of Italy and the US Ambassador to Italy Thomas Nelson Page (Album 7); Italian feminist and activist Countess Irene di Robilant (Album 8); children in a "cellar refuge" bomb shelter with caption "This is the only photograph it is believed ever taken in Venice showing a refuge for children to protect them from the numerous aeroplane bombardments" (Album 9); U.S Consul's gondola with supplies, Venice (Album 10); Home of the Little Sisters of the Poor in Naples, showing bomb damage (Album 12); exterior and interior views of Palazzo Vecchio, Florence showing refugees getting supplies (Albums 13 and 14) ; map of American Red Cross activities in Italy (Album 16); organizational chart of American Red Cross staff in Italy (Album 17); U.S. Army Navy baseball game (Album 18); Bolsena aviation camp (Album 19); Dr. Lucinda Alferi and her school, Canacattini, Sicily (Album 24); before and after portraits of boys at a nautical school, Naples (Album 26); destroyed rolling canteen that was struck by a shell, killing Lieutenant Edward Michael McKey and others (Album 28); celebrating July 4th in Fiesole (Album 30); activities at Italian Front (Albums 32, 33, 34); Ernest Hemingway standing with American men and nurses in a hospital in Milan, Italy (Album 42); lace workshop, Rimini (Album 35); map of Italy showing the activities of the Department of Medical affairs (Album 45); visit of President Woodrow Wilson to Rome, Nov. 3, 1918 (Albums 49 and 53); letter from King Victor Emmanuel to the American Red Cross (May 2, 1919) (Album 53).


  • American National Red Cross.

Created / Published

  • [between 1917 and 1919]


  • -  Hemingway, Ernest,--1899-1961--Military service
  • -  Wilson, Woodrow,--1856-1924--Travel
  • -  American National Red Cross--People--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  World War, 1914-1918--Military personnel--Italy
  • -  World War, 1914-1918--Casualties--Italy
  • -  World War, 1914-1918--Social aspects--Italy
  • -  Military personnel--American--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  Nurses--American--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  City & town life--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  Children--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  Refugees--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  Hospitals--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  Infirmaries--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  Canteens (Facilities)--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  Schools--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  War relief--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  War damage--Italy--1910-1920
  • -  Military facilities--American--Italy--1910-1920


  • Gelatin silver prints--1910-1920.
  • Group portraits--1910-1920.
  • Photograph albums--1910-1920.
  • Portrait photographs--1910-1920.


  • Portrait photographs--1910-1920
  • Group portraits--1910-1920
  • Photograph albums--1910-1920
  • Gelatin silver prints--1910-1920


  • -  Arrangement: Albums are in rough chronological order. Includes 53 albums numbered 1-53 and 1 volume of caption lists. Box 1: Albums 1-4; Box 2: Albums 5-8; Box 3: Albums 9-12; Box 4: Albums 13-16; Box 5: Albums 17-20; Box 6: Albums 21-24; Box 7: Albums 25-28; Box 8: Album 29-32; Box 9: Albums 33-36; Box 10: Albums 37-40; Box 11: Albums 41-44; Box 12: Albums 45-47; Box 13: Albums 48-51; Box 14: Albums 52-53; Box 15: Caption lists.
  • -  LOT title devised by Library staff.
  • -  Albums were compiled and used by the American Red Cross.
  • -  Photographers not identified.
  • -  On all album covers: "American Red Cross: Croce Rossa Americana." Also on covers are album numbers and photograph number range.
  • -  Most albums include caption lists, except for albums 51-53.
  • -  Caption volume includes typed lists for albums 1-50, but no captions for albums 51-53.
  • -  Photographs are numbered 1-1078; 1080-2739; 40000-40190; 40194-40630; 40640-40747. Some photographs have an A or B after the number. Some numbers may be skipped.
  • -  On spine of caption volume: "Red Cross."
  • -  Some images published in: The Story of the American Red Cross in Italy, Charles Montague Bakewell, 1920. External
  • -  Photograph albums were formerly PR 06 CN 090B. Caption volume was formerly PR 06 CN 093.
  • -  Gift; American Red Cross; (PR 06 CN 090B; PR 06 CN 093)
  • -  General information about the American National Red Cross photograph collection is available at . The Permanent Commission of the Red Cross under Colonel Perkins arrived in Rome on December 20, 1917 and left Italy in June 1919. (Source: The Story of the American Red Cross in Italy, Charles Montague Bakewell, 1920)
  • -  Finding aid available online


  • 2611 photographs in 53 albums : gelatin silver prints ; albums 24 x 33 cm, photographs 21 x 27 cm or smaller.
  • 1 volume : caption lists; volume 32 x 22 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • LOT 15378 (H) [P&P]

Source Collection

  • American National Red Cross photograph collection (Library of Congress)


Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2023631483

Rights Advisory

Access Advisory

  • Collection is open to research.

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

Rights & Access

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  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication. For information, see "American National Red Cross photograph collection,"
  • Reproduction Number: ---
  • Call Number: LOT 15378 (H) [P&P]
  • Access Advisory: Collection is open to research.

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

American National Red Cross. American Red Cross activities in Italy, -1919. Italy, None. [Between 1917 and 1919] Photograph.

APA citation style:

American National Red Cross. American Red Cross activities in Italy, -1919. Italy, None. [Between 1917 and 1919] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

American National Red Cross. American Red Cross activities in Italy, -1919. [Between 1917 and 1919] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.