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Book/Printed Material The Application of major hazard risk assessment (MHRA) to eliminate multiple fatality occurrences in the U.S. minerals industry

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Title

  • The Application of major hazard risk assessment (MHRA) to eliminate multiple fatality occurrences in the U.S. minerals industry

Summary

  • "Major Hazard Risk Assessment (MHRA) is used to help prevent major hazards, e.g., fire, explosion, wind-blast, outbursts, spontaneous combustion, roof instability and chemical and hazardous substances, etc., from injuring miners. The structured process associated with MHRA helps to characterize the major hazards and evaluate engineering, management and work process factors that impact how a mine mitigates its highest risk. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) studied the application of this technique to US mining conditions through a field-oriented pilot project. Risk assessment teams used in the pilot project were primarily composed of mining company personnel. Ten case studies were performed over a wide cross-section of mines. These mines were representative of the important mining commodities in the US minerals industry, i.e. coal, metal, non-metal, and aggregate. Also, the sizes of the mines ranged from small to large and were located across the country. The ten case studies demonstrate that most US mines have the capability to successfully implement an MHRA and that the MHRA methodology produced additional prevention controls and recovery measures to lessen the risk associated with a select population of major mining hazards. The basic ingredient for a successful MHRA is the desire to become more proactive in dealing with the risks associated with events that can cause multiple fatalities. A successful outcome is marked by a thorough examination of existing prevention controls and recovery measures. When pressed to consider more controls to further mitigate the risk, a well-staffed risk assessment team was able to identify additional controls. For these mining operations, it was important to add additional controls, even if they were not required by existing mining regulations, to lower the risks associated with the major hazards under consideration. If a mining operation is not willing to commit its best people to an MHRA or will not provide them with sufficient time to see the process through to its conclusion, the MHRA output may prove to be useless. Additionally, if a mining operation is not prepared to discuss its major hazards in an open and honest fashion and to present the findings of the risk assessment in a written report, the MHRA output will be unclear, and attempts to monitor or audit important controls may not be possible. A MHRA is most effective when the mining operation possesses 1) a proper understanding of its hazards, 2) experience with informal and basic-formal risk assessment techniques, 3) proper facilities, machinery and equipment, 4) suitable systems and procedures that represent industry Best Practice, 5) appropriate organizational support with adequate staff, communications and training, 6) a formal and thorough plan for emergency response, and 7) a safety risk management approach that is promoted and supported at all levels of the organization." - NIOSHTIC-2

Names

  • Iannacchione, Anthony T.
  • Brady, T. M.
  • Varley, F.
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • Spokane Research Laboratory (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health)

Created / Published

  • Spokane, WA : U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Spokane Research Laboratory, 2008.

Headings

  • -  Mine accidents--United States
  • -  Mineral industries--Health aspects--United States
  • -  Miners--Health and hygiene--United States
  • -  Occupational diseases--United States
  • -  Risk management--United States
  • -  Accidents, Occupational
  • -  Mining
  • -  Occupational Health
  • -  Risk Assessment
  • -  Safety Management
  • -  Wounds and Injuries
  • -  United States

Notes

  • -  "October 2008."
  • -  Includes bibliographical references (pages 121-122).
  • -  Description based on print version record; resource not viewed.

Medium

  • 1 electronic resource (viii, 132 pages )

Call Number/Physical Location

  • HD61
  • DHHS (NIOSH) publication ; no. 2009-104
  • Information circular ; 9508

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2023692259

Rights Advisory

  • This is non-restricted, fully open content that may be accessed on and off of the Library of Congress campus, with no restrictions, by an unlimited number of users Indicated permissions on file

Access Advisory

  • Unrestricted online access

Online Format

  • image
  • pdf

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Iannacchione, Anthony T, T. M Brady, F Varley, National Institute For Occupational Safety And Health, and Spokane Research Laboratory. The Application of major hazard risk assessment MHRA to eliminate multiple fatality occurrences in the U.S. minerals industry. Spokane, WA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Spokane Research Laboratory, 2008. Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2023692259/.

APA citation style:

Iannacchione, A. T., Brady, T. M., Varley, F., National Institute For Occupational Safety And Health & Spokane Research Laboratory. (2008) The Application of major hazard risk assessment MHRA to eliminate multiple fatality occurrences in the U.S. minerals industry. Spokane, WA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Spokane Research Laboratory. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2023692259/.

MLA citation style:

Iannacchione, Anthony T, et al. The Application of major hazard risk assessment MHRA to eliminate multiple fatality occurrences in the U.S. minerals industry. Spokane, WA: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Spokane Research Laboratory, 2008. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2023692259/>.