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Book/Printed Material Improvised explosive devices in Iraq, 2003-09 : a case of operational surprise and institutional response

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Title

  • Improvised explosive devices in Iraq, 2003-09 : a case of operational surprise and institutional response

Summary

  • "The threat of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) that has emerged in conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan since 2003 is a contemporary example of conventional militaries being confronted with a tactical surprise with operational - if not strategic - implications. Those implications can necessitate "institutional" responses to avoid strategic defeat in what, for many countries, are "wars of discretion." Operational surprise, as defined in this examination, differs from strategic shocks as described by Nathan Freier, and the necessary responses are distinct from the military adaptation considered by John Nagl. This paper contends that the 6-year evolution of the IED experience from 2003 until 2009 constitutes a complete cycle of surprise and response, of which the most significant part is the institutional response. A case study of this experience illustrates how conventional military establishments recognize and respond to such surprises, with a particular focus on the experience, respectively, of the U.S. and Australian defense establishments. This case study reveals that institutional response is triggered by recognition of the surprise, which then cues organizational, equipment, training and doctrine, research and development, industrial, funding, budgetary, and policy actions."--P. vii.

Names

  • Smith, Andrew
  • Army War College (U.S.). Strategic Studies Institute

Created / Published

  • Carlisle, PA : Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, [2011]

Contents

  • Summary -- Introduction -- Operational surprise and response -- The contemporary IED experience -- Data sources -- U.S. experience in Iraq -- The U.S. response -- Recognition -- Institutional response -- Organizational -- Equipment -- Vehicles -- Electronic countermeasures -- Training and doctrine -- Research and development -- Industrial -- Funding -- Policy -- Summary assessment -- The Australian experience in Iraq -- The Australian response -- Recognition -- Institutional response -- Organizational -- Equipment -- Training and doctrine -- Research and development -- Industrial -- Funding -- Policy -- Comparative analysis of responses -- Leadership changes -- National interests and equities -- Adequacy of existing capabilities -- Countervailing assessments -- Conventional thinking -- Adequate agility -- Flexible force structure -- Other considerations -- Failure to anticipate and the risk of overreaction -- The focusing power of casualties -- Subsequent experience - Afghanistan -- Conclusions.

Headings

  • -  Australia.--Australian Army--Security measures
  • -  United States.--Army--Security measures
  • -  Ambushes and surprises
  • -  Explosives, Military
  • -  Improvised explosive devices--Iraq
  • -  Iraq War, 2003-2011--Casualties
  • -  Mines (Military explosives)--Iraq
  • -  Soldiers--Protection--Iraq
  • -  Tactics

Notes

  • -  "April 2011."
  • -  Format not distributed to depository libraries.
  • -  Includes bibliographical references (pages 50-73).
  • -  Description based on print version record; resource not viewed.

Medium

  • 1 electronic resource (viii, 73 pages )

Call Number/Physical Location

  • HV6640
  • Letort paper

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2023692741

Rights Advisory

  • This is non-restricted, fully open content that may be accessed on and off of the Library of Congress campus, with no restrictions, by an unlimited number of users

Access Advisory

  • Unrestricted online access

Online Format

  • image
  • pdf

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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Smith, Andrew, and U.S.. Strategic Studies Institute Army War College. Improvised explosive devices in Iraq, -09: a case of operational surprise and institutional response. [Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2011] Pdf. https://www.loc.gov/item/2023692741/.

APA citation style:

Smith, A. & Army War College, U. S. S. S. I. (2011) Improvised explosive devices in Iraq, -09: a case of operational surprise and institutional response. [Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2023692741/.

MLA citation style:

Smith, Andrew, and U.S.. Strategic Studies Institute Army War College. Improvised explosive devices in Iraq, -09: a case of operational surprise and institutional response. [Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2011] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2023692741/>.