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3D Object Treble (Alto) Recorder in F, DCM 0945

About this Item


  • Treble (Alto) Recorder in F, DCM 0945


  • Johann Benedikt Gahn

Created / Published

  • Nuremberg, 1698.


  • -  Flute--Specimens


  • flutes


  • -  Views included in pictures of instrument: front view of recorder; partially disassembled; fully disassembled
  • -  Highly carved and filled with black ink. Carved with floral design, fruit, leaves, and birds. This recorder is unusual in that the head joint is made of 2 sections, which are joined with machine threads and likewise the foot joint is comprised of 3 sections, the middle and lower 2 of which are also joined with machine threads. However, the foot joint upper section, which contains the little finger tonehole, may have originally contained the female threads joining it to the middle portion in the same way. However, if so, the threading may have been damaged and altered to its present state which is a tenon and socket (tenon on middle section) which is lapped with thread or twine.
  • -  Instrument type: Treble (Alto) Recorder in F
  • -  Materials: Ivory.
  • -  The traditional 3 sections, divided. See Notes.
  • -  Key Holes System: 1/7 holes.
  • -  Mark Maximum: I.B. [GA, unreadable, surmounted by crown? or other design] HN (in scroll) / IBG (decorative monogram)
  • -  Mark Additional: According to Seyfrit, v. 1: "The barely readable signature is at the center of an unengraved shield shape, the rest of the instrument is engraved."
  • -  Condition: None of the 3 (or 2) machine threaded devices is still workable, the male sections having both shrunk and broken off to some extent. The edge is chipped and damaged, but still somewhat playable. However, the head joint upper section was clearly split into 2 large portions which were rejoined temporarily by Robert Sheldon using the acrylic adhesive B72 (for exhibition purposes). Ivory chips missing at beak. This instrument was included in the Music Division exhibition, "In Praise of Music," in 1992 and was treated cosmetically at that time. The middle portion of the foot joint was curiously missing a slab of ivory not broken away but intentionally removed, creating a flat surface as the result of a saw cut, purpose unknown. A portion of ivory was added by Robert Sheldon using an alophatic adhesive and left slightly oversize to be further finished or worked as desired, or removed.
  • -  Provenance: Antique Art Galleries, London, 2 June 1930.
  • -  Location: G03.
  • -  Record created through migration from the Performing Arts Encyclopedia Database.


  • 1 musical instrument ; 48.5 cm

Call Number/Physical Location

  • ML30.4a

Source Collection

  • Holding of: Dayton C. Miller flute collection, 1880-2000 (bulk 1905-1941) DCM 0945


  • c-Music ML30.4a Dayton C. Miller flute collection, DCM 0945 (G03)

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2023866244

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the Dayton C. Miller Collection except for the items noted below. The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes. Patrons should keep in mind that the written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions.

Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. Users should consult the bibliographic information that accompanies each item for specific information.

Copyright Protected Items

Four full-size drawings of flutes DCM 0507, DCM 0615, DCM 0916, and DCM 1125 by Jean-François Beaudin, Québec, Canada. 2003. Please make written requests for permission for other uses to:

Jean-François Beaudin
312 Chemin Richford
Frelighsburg (Québec) Canada, J0J1C0
Tel.: 450-298-5161
Fax: 450-298-8251

The quotation regarding Dr. Miller and his gold flute comes from an article by Robert S. Shankland, "Dayton Clarence Miller: Physics Across Fifty Years." American Journal of Physics 9(October 1941):273-283. LC call number: QC1.A47. It was reprinted here with permission from the American Journal of Physics 9(October 1941):278. Copyright 1941, American Association of Physics Teachers. Should you wish to quote from this article, please contact:

Susann Brailey, Office of Rights and Permissions
American Institute of Physics
Suite 1N01
2 Huntington Quadrangle
Melville, NY 11747-4502
Phone: 516-576-2268
Fax: 516-576-2450

The image of the Faun playing an aulos by Rea Irvin, Miller no. 57/G, comes from the cover of The New Yorker magazine, 14 March 1925. It is reproduced here without The New Yorker masthead as required by Condé Nast Publications, New York. Permission to reproduce the Faun only as a thumbnail-size image, and without the masthead, is Courtesy of the Irvin Estate. No reproduction without permission. For reproduction permission, please contact:

The Irvin Estate
c/o Molly Rea
5 Willis Lane
Fairfax, California 94930

Credit line: Dayton C. Miller Collection, Music Division, Library of Congress

"Dayton C. Miller, His Life, Work and Contributions as a Scientist and Organologist" is made available here with permission from the author, William J. Maynard. HTML version of this text

More about American Memory, Copyright and other Restrictions

Credit line: Dayton C. Miller Collection, Music Division, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Johann Benedikt Gahn. Treble Alto Recorder in F, DCM. Nuremberg, 1698. Image.

APA citation style:

Johann Benedikt Gahn. (1698) Treble Alto Recorder in F, DCM. Nuremberg. [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Johann Benedikt Gahn. Treble Alto Recorder in F, DCM. Nuremberg, 1698. Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.