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3D Object Treble (Alto) Recorder in F, DCM 1359

About this Item


  • Treble (Alto) Recorder in F, DCM 1359


  • Carlo Palanca; Castel

Created / Published

  • Torino; Italy, 1719.


  • -  Flute--Specimens


  • flutes


  • -  Views included in pictures of instrument: front view of recorder; back view of recorder
  • -  There are aspects of this instrument which are not typical. First, from the markings it would seem to be a combination of two instruments. The actual make-up and craftsmen in the two shops is not well known. Although the wood appears to be boxwood uniformly stained brown, the head joint seems to be from a different wood supply than that of the body and foot joints. The head and foot joint socket and ferrule construction is most unusual. It is a well-executed, but poor design and likely an alteration. The original appears to have included the normal practice of turning (cutting away) material (boxwood) back to a shoulder to receive a fairly long ornate ferrule (ivory) glued in place. However, both have been turned a second time removing (in length) nearly a third of the ivory ferrule and replacing it with a fragile wooden ferrule (see Condition) as a spacer which is then covered with a well-made, turned silver ferrule. The silver ferrules are pronged on the interior for better retention similar to more modern woodwind instrument ferrules. The addition of the silver ferrules is not without good logic, but cutting away seemingly stable material (ivory) to apply them is a mystery. Neither socket is cracked and the apparent ferrule revisions seem not to have concerned any necessary repairs. The foot joint socket does have a knot which appears not to have needed an altered ferrule design. Perhaps the most unusual aspect is the foot joint exterior design. In place of the typical flared, false bell bottom, the foot tapers down similar to the traverso foot joint design(s) of the period, and the bottom ivory ferrule appears to be original, or period, or at least very skillfully applied if later.
  • -  Instrument type: Treble (Alto) Recorder in F
  • -  Materials: Boxwood, stained brown, ivory beak, ferrules, thumbhole bushing, and turned silver ferrules.
  • -  3 sections.
  • -  Key Holes System: 1/7 holes.
  • -  Mark Maximum: CARLO / PALANCA
  • -  Mark Additional: Mark on joints 2 and 3. Mark on top: N. (reversed) / CASTEL. / (lion rampant) / N. (reversed). Block: o/y (in ink)
  • -  Condition: Head joint socket wooden spacer ferrule (see Notes) broken and missing about 90 degrees.
  • -  Provenance: W. Howard Head, London, 30 July 1938.
  • -  Location: G04.
  • -  Record created through migration from the Performing Arts Encyclopedia Database.


  • 1 musical instrument ; 50.3 cm

Call Number/Physical Location

  • ML30.4a

Source Collection

  • Holding of: Dayton C. Miller flute collection, 1880-2000 (bulk 1905-1941) DCM 1359


  • c-Music ML30.4a Dayton C. Miller flute collection, DCM 1359 (G04)

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2023866637

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the Dayton C. Miller Collection except for the items noted below. The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes. Patrons should keep in mind that the written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions.

Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. Users should consult the bibliographic information that accompanies each item for specific information.

Copyright Protected Items

Four full-size drawings of flutes DCM 0507, DCM 0615, DCM 0916, and DCM 1125 by Jean-François Beaudin, Québec, Canada. 2003. Please make written requests for permission for other uses to:

Jean-François Beaudin
312 Chemin Richford
Frelighsburg (Québec) Canada, J0J1C0
Tel.: 450-298-5161
Fax: 450-298-8251

The quotation regarding Dr. Miller and his gold flute comes from an article by Robert S. Shankland, "Dayton Clarence Miller: Physics Across Fifty Years." American Journal of Physics 9(October 1941):273-283. LC call number: QC1.A47. It was reprinted here with permission from the American Journal of Physics 9(October 1941):278. Copyright 1941, American Association of Physics Teachers. Should you wish to quote from this article, please contact:

Susann Brailey, Office of Rights and Permissions
American Institute of Physics
Suite 1N01
2 Huntington Quadrangle
Melville, NY 11747-4502
Phone: 516-576-2268
Fax: 516-576-2450

The image of the Faun playing an aulos by Rea Irvin, Miller no. 57/G, comes from the cover of The New Yorker magazine, 14 March 1925. It is reproduced here without The New Yorker masthead as required by Condé Nast Publications, New York. Permission to reproduce the Faun only as a thumbnail-size image, and without the masthead, is Courtesy of the Irvin Estate. No reproduction without permission. For reproduction permission, please contact:

The Irvin Estate
c/o Molly Rea
5 Willis Lane
Fairfax, California 94930

Credit line: Dayton C. Miller Collection, Music Division, Library of Congress

"Dayton C. Miller, His Life, Work and Contributions as a Scientist and Organologist" is made available here with permission from the author, William J. Maynard. HTML version of this text

More about American Memory, Copyright and other Restrictions

Credit line: Dayton C. Miller Collection, Music Division, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Carlo Palanca; Castel. Treble Alto Recorder in F, DCM. Torino; Italy, 1719. Image.

APA citation style:

Carlo Palanca; Castel. (1719) Treble Alto Recorder in F, DCM. Torino; Italy. [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Carlo Palanca; Castel. Treble Alto Recorder in F, DCM. Torino; Italy, 1719. Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.