Top of page

Book/Printed Material The diary of a forty-niner,

About this Item


  • The diary of a forty-niner,


  • Chauncey de Leon Canfield (1843-1909) first published "The diary of a forty-niner" in 1906, and 1,200 of the 2,000 copies in that edition were burned. Joseph Gaer's Bibliography of California literature, 20 describes this book as written in the form of a diary, but fictional.' The diary of a forty-niner (1920) reprints Canfield's 1906 publication. It purports to be the diary of Alfred T. Jackson, of Litchfield County, Connecticut, during his days as a gold prospector, 1850-1852. Jackson offers firsthand accounts of Nevada City and neighboring Rock Creek; descriptions of Grass Valley, North and South Yuba Valleys, and the Sierra Mountains; details of gold mining with accounts of pioneer overland crossings, and foreign mineworkers (including Chinese). Entries concerning Jackson's personal life include details of his courtship of a French woman in the camps.


  • Canfield, Chauncey L., 1843-1909

Created / Published

  • Boston, New York, Houghton Mifflin company, 1920.


  • -  California--Gold discoveries
  • -  Ethnic groups--California


  • -  Title vignette.
  • -  First published in 1906.
  • -  The diary "purported to be the experiences of Alfred T. Jackson, a pioneer miner who ... worked on Rock Creek, Nevada County, California." Pref. p. ix. The name Alfred T. Jackson is probably fictitious.
  • -  Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress Web site.


  • xviii, 253, [1] p. incl. front. (map) 22 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • F865 .C223

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 21004325

Rights Advisory

  • No known restrictions on publication.

Online Format

  • online text
  • image
  • pdf

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

"California as I Saw It:" First-Person Narratives of California's Early Years, 1849-1900.

General Notice and Restriction Statement: The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

While the Library is not aware of any U.S. copyright or any other restrictions in this collection, some content may be protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.), and/or the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations. Additionally, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by privacy and/or publicity rights.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, [appropriate source division as described in the bibliographic record]. For example: Library of Congress, General Collections; or, Library of Congress, Rare Book and Special Collections Division.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Canfield, Chauncey L. The Diary of a Forty-Niner. Boston, New York, Houghton Mifflin company, 1920. Pdf.

APA citation style:

Canfield, C. L. (1920) The Diary of a Forty-Niner. Boston, New York, Houghton Mifflin company. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Canfield, Chauncey L. The Diary of a Forty-Niner. Boston, New York, Houghton Mifflin company, 1920. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.