Top of page

Book/Printed Material Across the border;

About this Item


  • Across the border;


  • Across the Border, or Pathan and Biloch is a work of ethnographic description by little-known English writer Edward Emmerson Oliver. It deals with the Afghan and Baluch tribes of the northwest frontier of British India bordering Afghanistan (in what is today Pakistan) and of Afghanistan itself. The book is in a long line of British writing about these territories going back to the foundational study of Mountstuart Elphinstone (1779-1859), An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul and its Dependencies in Persia, Tartary, and India, published in 1815. Like Elphinstone, Oliver never actually entered Afghanistan. He seems to have relied primarily on library research. He combed the files of the East India Company and used unclassified official reports, newspapers, and other documents and publications, including Ephinstone's researches of 1808-9. To the information gleaned from these sources, he added his own views of the virtues and vices of the native peoples. He also called for the maintenance of a formidable defense of India against Russian expansionism and stressed the need for up-to-date intelligence from tribal lands. The book includes many illustrations by John Lockwood Kipling, a teacher, journalist, illustrator, and conservationist, who spent much of his working life in India and was the father of the British writer Rudyard Kipling. World Digital Library.


  • Oliver, Edward Emmerson

Created / Published

  • London, Chapman and Hall, limited, 1890.


  • -  Ethnology--Afghanistan
  • -  Ethnology--Pakistan--Balochistān
  • -  Afghanistan--Social life and customs
  • -  Baluchistan--Social life and customs


  • p. cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • DS354.5 .O4

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 44042837

OCLC Number

  • 27033657

Online Format

  • pdf
  • online text
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Oliver, Edward Emmerson. Across the Border. London, Chapman and Hall, limited, 1890. Pdf.

APA citation style:

Oliver, E. E. (1890) Across the Border. London, Chapman and Hall, limited. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Oliver, Edward Emmerson. Across the Border. London, Chapman and Hall, limited, 1890. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.