Map A map of the British and French dominions in North America, with the roads, distances, limits, and extent of the settlements, humbly inscribed to the Right Honourable the Earl of Halifax, and the other Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations,

About this Item

Title

  • A map of the British and French dominions in North America, with the roads, distances, limits, and extent of the settlements, humbly inscribed to the Right Honourable the Earl of Halifax, and the other Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations,

Summary

  • "This landmark map of North America published in 1755 shows British sovereignty over large parts of the continent at the outset of the French and Indian War (1754-63). It is perhaps the most well-known 18th-century map of North America. Created by John Mitchell, a native Virginian who moved to London in his mid-thirties, the map was compiled using information provided by governors of the British colonies. Although territories of other European powers are shown, the map is biased toward British interests. French claims in the Mississippi and Ohio valleys, as defined by the Treaty of Utrecht (1714), are not recognized and, instead, English colonial claims extending west of the Alleghenies to the Mississippi River are emphasized. In addition to providing a vast amount of geographic information, the map can be seen as an expression of English dominance in North America. This map was later used to establish the boundaries of the United States in the 1783 Treaty of Paris. The map is hand-colored, with relief shown pictorially. In the upper left is an inset map entitled "A new map of Hudson's Bay and Labrador from the late survey of those coasts." This map had a strong influence on Abel Buell in his Map of United States of North America (1784), the first map published in the independent United States. The influence can be seen in a comparison with the cartouche on the Buell map and in the way the colonial claims extending from the Atlantic coast on this map are similar to the state claims extending to the Mississippi on the 1784 Buell map. The map shows provinces, some counties, numerous towns and cities, frontier settlements, forts, roads, distances between major towns, rivers and lakes, portages, waterfalls, Indian villages and tribal territory, English "factories" among the Indians, mineral deposits, early routes of exploration, a few battlegrounds, and relief. Also shown are the fishing grounds in the North Atlantic and channels in the Saint Lawrence River and the Great Lakes." World Digital Library.

Contributor Names

  • Mitchell, John, 1711-1768.
  • Kitchin, Thomas, -1784.
  • Millar, Andrew, 1705-1768.

Created / Published

  • [London]; Sold by And: Millar, 1755.

Subject Headings

  • -  British--America--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • -  North America--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • -  North America

Notes

  • -  Hand colored.
  • -  Includes text and inset "A new map of Hudson's Bay and Labrador from the late survey of those coasts."
  • -  Relief shown pictorially.
  • -  Second impression of 1st ed.
  • -  Scale ca. 1:2,000,000.
  • -  LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 38
  • -  Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
  • -  AACR2
  • -  Vault

Medium

  • col. map 136 x 195 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • G3300 1755 .M51

Repository

  • Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 USA dcu

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 74693173

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The contents of the Library of Congress Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase are in the public domain and are free to use and reuse.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division, Louisiana: European Explorations and the Louisiana Purchase.

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Mitchell, John, Thomas Kitchin, and Andrew Millar. A map of the British and French dominions in North America, with the roads, distances, limits, and extent of the settlements, humbly inscribed to the Right Honourable the Earl of Halifax, and the other Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations. [London; Sold by And: Millar, 1755] Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/74693173/.

APA citation style:

Mitchell, J., Kitchin, T. & Millar, A. (1755) A map of the British and French dominions in North America, with the roads, distances, limits, and extent of the settlements, humbly inscribed to the Right Honourable the Earl of Halifax, and the other Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations. [London; Sold by And: Millar] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/74693173/.

MLA citation style:

Mitchell, John, Thomas Kitchin, and Andrew Millar. A map of the British and French dominions in North America, with the roads, distances, limits, and extent of the settlements, humbly inscribed to the Right Honourable the Earl of Halifax, and the other Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations. [London; Sold by And: Millar, 1755] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/74693173/>.