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[ digital file from b&w film copy neg. ]

About this Item


  • A Navaho smile


  • Photo shows a Navaho woman sitting outside doorway, right hand on cheek, facing front, smiling.


  • Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952, photographer

Created / Published

  • c1904.


  • -  Indians of North America--Clothing & dress--1900-1910
  • -  Navajo Indians--Clothing & dress--1900-1910
  • -  Women--Clothing & dress--1900-1910


  • Photographic prints--1900-1910.
  • Portrait photographs--1900-1910.


  • Portrait photographs--1900-1910
  • Photographic prints--1900-1910


  • -  H52469 U.S. Copyright Office.
  • -  Caption label from exhibit "American Treasures Memory": Portfolio of the North American Indian. From the 1890s to the 1930s, Edward S. Curtis photographed approximately eighty different Native American groups, including their traditional clothing, crafts, and homes. He published a twenty-eight volume work, the North American Indian, which embraced the romantic notion he and other white Americans held about the vanquished Indian. This image of Tobadzischini,(war god), a participant in the Yebechai dance a nine-day ritual combining ritual and medicine still practiced today dates from a 1904 trip to the Southwest he made among the Navajo and Apache. It is unlikely that Curtis photographed the actual sacred ceremony, and this is probably a recreation, a practice to which he frequently resorted.
  • -  Title from item.
  • -  Curtis no. 1020.
  • -  Forms part of: Edward S. Curtis Collection (Library of Congress).
  • -  Published in: Many nations: A Library of Congress resource guide for the study of Indian and Alaska native peoples of the United States / edited by Patrick Frazier and the Publishing Office. Washington : Library of Congress, 1996, p. 183.
  • -  Published in: "American Indians" chapter of the ebook Great Photographs from the Library of Congress, 2013.


  • 1 photographic print.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • LOT 12311 [item] [P&P]


Digital Id

  • cph 3a47110 //

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 97505182

Reproduction Number

  • LC-USZ62-46943 (b&w film copy neg.)

Rights Advisory

  • No known restrictions on publication.

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the Edward S. Curtis Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse.

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Researchers or others who would like to make further use of these collection materials should contact the Prints & Photographs Reading Room for assistance.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, Edward S. Curtis Collection

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.
  • Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-46943 (b&w film copy neg.)
  • Call Number: LOT 12311 [item] [P&P]
  • Access Advisory: ---

Obtaining Copies

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Access to Originals

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  1. Is the item digitized? (A thumbnail (small) image will be visible on the left.)

    • Yes, the item is digitized. Please use the digital image in preference to requesting the original. All images can be viewed at a large size when you are in any reading room at the Library of Congress. In some cases, only thumbnail (small) images are available when you are outside the Library of Congress because the item is rights restricted or has not been evaluated for rights restrictions.
      As a preservation measure, we generally do not serve an original item when a digital image is available. If you have a compelling reason to see the original, consult with a reference librarian. (Sometimes, the original is simply too fragile to serve. For example, glass and film photographic negatives are particularly subject to damage. They are also easier to see online where they are presented as positive images.)
    • No, the item is not digitized. Please go to #2.
  2. Do the Access Advisory or Call Number fields above indicate that a non-digital surrogate exists, such as microfilm or copy prints?

    • Yes, another surrogate exists. Reference staff can direct you to this surrogate.
    • No, another surrogate does not exist. Please go to #3.
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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Curtis, Edward S, photographer. A Navaho smile. , ca. 1904. Photograph.

APA citation style:

Curtis, E. S., photographer. (ca. 1904) A Navaho smile. , ca. 1904. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Curtis, Edward S, photographer. A Navaho smile. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.